Lesson 4 The Divine Trinity
Reading: Numbers 6:22–27.
2 Corinthians 13:14.
grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the
Holy Ghost, be with you all.
14:23–26. Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my
words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our
abode with him. 24He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings: and
the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me. 25These
things have I spoken unto you, being yet
present with you. 26But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he
shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever
I have said unto you.
16:13–15. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you
into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear,
that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come. 14He
shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it
unto you. 15All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said
I, that he shall take of mine, and shall show it
ON THE LESSON TEXT
14:23. Jesus speaks of his Father and of
himself as two separate persons with a common interest. Their omnipresence is
also suggested. V24. Again two persons are spoken of and contrasted in
such a way that Christ and the Father cannot be one person. V26. The Holy
Ghost is here introduced as another person, all three being mentioned—Holy
Ghost, Father and I.
16:13. This verse, in connection with the previous one, asserts the
personality of the Holy Ghost. Personal powers are attributed to him as to
teach, remind, guide, speak, hear, and show things to come. The last implies
foreknowledge, a power belonging to God. Vv 14, 15. Again the three are
brought to view as separate persons. The equality of the Father and Son is
TOPIC: THE DIVINE TRINITY
the Trinity we mean one God in three persons. This is difficult to comprehend,
for they are not distinct as three men are, nor are they but three
manifestations of one person. The idea is best comprehended through the
THE DENIAL OF THE TRINITY
position denies the deity of Christ. He is called a perfect man, sometimes a
divine man, but not God. This view accepts the deity of the Father but rejects
the personality of the Holy Spirit.
“Jesus only” doctrine.
idea was held in some form by Swedenborg and is now held with variations by
certain factions. It holds that Jesus is the only divine person and that the
Father is the divine side and the Son the human side of his nature. This view
also rejects the personality of the Holy Spirit.
is classed under this title. The degree of doubt often reaches coarse
infidelity, yet parading as Christian. The attack is directed chiefly against
Christ. We state it as follows: (a) Denial of the virgin birth. (b) Disbelief in
the divine consciousness of Christ. (c) Denial of the miracles of Christ. (d)
Disputing his bodily resurrection.
THE THREE PERSONS
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are referred to as separate persons. The lesson
text gives examples of this.
The baptismal formula (Matthew 28:19).
all three are named separately, clearly showing that they are separate persons.
That one is to be baptized in the name of all three shows that they are separate
persons and suggest that they are of equal rank. This formula expresses the
authority by which we are baptized.
The baptism of Christ (Matthew 3:16, 17).
all three are present and mentioned. The Holy Spirit descends upon Christ, and
the Father recognized Christ as his son.
Christ regards himself as distinct from the Father (John 17).
Christ did not pray to himself. Nor was it his human nature praying to his
divine nature. This distinction is expressed repeatedly in John 5:17–23.
THE DEITY OF CHRIST
made claims that must be regarded as claims to divinity. Either these claims are
true or they are false. A) The Son of God. On several occasions Christ claimed
to be the Son of God (John 5:25). All Christians are called sons of God (1 John
3:2), but his claim is unique. Christ did not put himself, by his claim on an
equality with us, but with the Father. The people so understood him (John 5:18),
and the Jews sought to stone him for this claim which they regarded as
blasphemy. He was finally tried and condemned on this charge which he admitted
under oath (Matthew 26:63–66). B) Divine authority. He claims power to forgive
sins—a power the Jews rightly judged belongs to God only (Matthew 9:2–6). He
also proclaimed himself judge of all (Matthew 25:31–46), a right belonging
only to omniscient God. He was all He claimed to be.
His birth, life, resurrection.
The virgin birth. The idea of the virgin birth is held by critics to be
unimportant, yet they go to considerable labor to discredit it. It is supposed
to be borrowed from heathen legends about their gods. The heathen have
god-families and divine-human offspring, but no virgin birth. The idea is not
borrowed but is original in the bible this doctrine is important because it is
Scriptural (Matthew 1:18–23).