Home   About Us   Holiness Library   Bible Prophecy   Listen to Sermons  History of the Holiness Movement   Early English Bibles   Bible Studies   Links





Lesson 1 The Scriptures, the Word of God


Devotional Reading:   Psalm 1:1–6


Memory Verse:           Psalm 119:130.


The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.




Hebrews 1:1–4. God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; 3Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.


Hebrews 2:1–4. Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip. 2For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward; 3How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him; 4God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


2 Timothy 3:16, 17. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.


2 Peter 1:20–21. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. 21For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.




 Hebrews 1:1. The authorship of the Old Testament is attributed to God. The period of revelation is extended and the method varies. V2. The Son becomes the messenger of the New Testament. His station entitles him to speak with authority. Vv 3, 4. The transcendent glory of Christ is here revealed. He, in his own person, reveals the Godhead. “He that hath seen me hath seen the Father.” Such an one is eminently fitted to be the messenger of a perfect revelation.

Hebrews 2:1. An earnest warning to heed the revelation from God. The reason for such a warning follows. V2. The Law was ordained by angles. Penalties for disobedience were sever and immediately executed. V3. The message of the New Covenant, upon which our salvation rests, is none the less authentic. We must hear it. Christ is the author of this message which he committed to his immediate followers. They have transmitted the message to us. V4. God has authenticated, by many indisputable signs, the message delivered to us by the Apostles. There is no question as to the authority of their message.

2 Timothy 3:26, 27. The inspiration of the Scriptures is here stated in clear terms. Eminent scholars prefer this reading to weaker rendering of the Revised Version.






1. The possibility of revelation.


To one who believes in an Infinite Being it is unthinkable that He cannot reveal himself. Revelation depends not alone on God’s power to reveal himself, but also on man’s power to comprehend God. The lowest savage can learn spiritual truth and be made to feel the love of God.


2. The necessity of a revelation.


What we may know about God through nature is sufficient to awaken a sense of responsibility. How can I get rid of sin? How can I be holy? How can I prepare for the future life? These questions nature can never answer. If they are answered it must be by direct revelation from God.


3. The probability of a revelation.


That the Creator desires the highest wellbeing of his creatures is sufficient reason for supposing that he would reveal to them the way of life. To admit that a revelation is possible and necessary, and then to deny that the Creator would give such a revelation is to charge him with an indifference toward his creatures that is denied by all nature. Will he who is so solicitous of our physical welfare that he provides us with the necessities of life deny us the spiritual help that alone can save us from moral and spiritual destruction?




The Bible, and the Bible only, meets the need.


1. The content of the Bible revelation.


The Bible responds to the cry of the human heart. It furnishes us an object of worship worthy of our most humble devotion. It points the way of forgiveness through the atonement of Christ. It shows the way of holiness by a new life imparted from above. This revelation shows man the way of a successful and happy life.


2. The process of revelation.


The revelation of truth in the Bible has been gradual and progressive. The reception of truth by the race must be gradual. As time passes, a more spiritual conception is revealed, culminating in the revelation given through Christ.


3. The finality of this revelation.


In these last times God has spoken through his Son. There is no reason to look for a different revelation.




1. Definition.


Much historical truth in the Bible was known by the writers to correctly transmit the truth.


2. Claims for inspiration.


Such expressions as, “Thus saith the Lord;” “The word of the Lord came unto me,” etc. are frequently used in the Old Testament. Moses is represented as writing at God’s command (Exodus 17:14; 34:27). Peter recognized David as speaking by the Holy Ghost (Acts 1:16). Jesus appeals to the Scriptures in defense of his own claims (John 5:39). His sweeping endorsement of the entire Old Testament is quite conclusive (Luke 24:27, 44).

Christ promised inspiration to his Apostles. The Holy Ghost to speak through them, and he was to bring to their remembrance what Christ said. Peter places the Apostles on a level with the holy prophets.


3. Proofs of inspiration.


John 3:2; Hebrews 2:4. Miracles accompany the message.


4. The nature of inspiration.


The Bible contains the exact words spoken by God’s voice; the exact words given by God to his prophets. God gave clear ideas of his message, then allows the writer to express it in his own characteristic style.

Whether it be a passage in which we have the exact words of God’s diction, or one in which the personality of the writer stands out the most prominently, we still have the assurance of the unerring guidance of the Holy Spirit. “All Scripture is given by the inspiration of God.”