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AN HISTORICAL PRESENTATION OF

AUGUSTINISM AND PELAGIANISM

FROM THE ORIGINAL SOURCES

BY

G. F. WIGGERS, D. D.

PROFESSOR OF THEOLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK, ETC.

 

TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN WITH NOTES AND ADDITIONS

Rev. RALPH EMERSON,

PROF. OF ECCL. HIST. IN THE THEOL. SEM. ANDOVER, MS.

 

[NOTE: Arminian theology is neither Augustinism nor Pelagianism but the conflict between the two systems has existed in Christian theology since the Fifth Century. It is beneficial for the student to understand the arguments between the two systems and in so doing the student of Arminian theology can see clearly why we take the positions we take on the disputed topics. Dr. Wiggers presents and excellent historical work on this controversy.]

 

CONTENTS.

 

 

Translator's Preface

Author's Preface

Introduction

 

CHAPTER 1.

Sketch of the principal Men who appeared in the Pelagian Controversy,

Augustine on the one side, and Pelagius, Caelestius and Julian on the other.

 

CHAPTER 2.

Chief sources of information respecting the controversies between

Augustine and the Pelagians.

 

CHAPTER 3.

Commencement of the controversy.

 

CHAPTER 4.

The Pelagian doctrine on baptism, and particularly on infant baptism;

 and Augustine's doctrine on the same.

 

CHAPTER 5.

Pelagian view of original sin. Opposite theory of Augustine on the same.

 

CHAPTER 6.

Theory of the Pelagians on freewill, and the opposite theory of Augustine.

 

CHAPTER 7.

Objections of the Pelagians against Augustine's doctrine of original

sin and of freewill.

 

CHAPTER 8.

Theory of the Pelagians on the state of man before the fall.

Opposite theory of Augustine.

 

CHAPTER 9.

Narrative of events in the controversy, continued.

 

CHAPTER 10.

Transactions at Diospolis in respect to the heresies charged on Pelagius,

 

CHAPTER 11.

Narrative of events, continued.

 

CHAPTER 12.

Canons established against the Pelagians by the general synod

(plenario concilio) of the African bishops, held at Carthage in 418.

 

CHAPTER 13.

Theory of Pelagius and his followers respecting grace.

Opposite theory of Augustine.

 

CHAPTER 14.

Objections of the Pelagians against Augustine's doctrine of grace.

 

CHAPTER 15.

Further account of the events.

 

CHAPTER 16.

Augustine's theory of predestination. Pelagian view of foreordination.

 

CHAPTER 17.

Augustine's doctrine on the extent of redemption. The Pelagian doctrine.

 

CHAPTER 18.

Final adoption of the Augustinian system for all Christendom,

by the third general council at Ephesus, 431.

 

CHAPTER 19.

View of the Augustinian and Pelagian systems, in their main features.

 

CHAPTER 20.

Augustine's reasons for his theory.

 

CHAPTER 21.

Proofs of the Pelagians for their theory.

 

CHAPTER 22.

Examination of the question respecting the opinions of the Fathers

previous to Augustine, in regard to the contested doctrines of Augustinism

and Pelagianism.

 

CHAPTER 23.

Concluding remarks.