WITH NOTES AND INTRODUCTION
S. SCHAFF, D.D.
of Church History, The Western Theological Seminary
hope, by God’s grace, that I am truly a Christian, not deviating from the
faith, and that I would rather suffer the penalty of a terrible death than wish
to affirm anything outside of the faith or the commandments of our Lord Jesus
he—Huss—who in the agony of death invoked Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who
suffered for us, and for such a cause and with such faith and steadfastness
threw himself into the fire, if he did not show himself a noble and brave martyr
of Christ, then will scarcely any one be saved.
church an article of faith—Meaning of church in Greek—In the New
Testament—The church a mother—The dove of the Canticles—The strong woman
of Proverbs—Not to be believed in as God.
church triumphant, militant, and dormant—The Apostles’ Creed—Wherein the
of the net, etc.—The human body and the spiritual body—Essential parts of
the body—Four kinds of persons related to the church—Predestinated according
to present righteousness—Christ’s other sheep.
by reason of his divinity and humanity—Head from the beginning—No reprobate
a member of the church—Present goodness no proof of predestination—Tychonius—The
and faith—Parables of the marriage-supper, etc.—The least in the kingdom of
heaven—a Prelates may be reprobate—Clergy and church used
interchangeably—Paying tithes to the clergy for their work’s sake—The
nominal and the real church.
the head of the reprobate—Sin continues in the reprobate but disjoins
them—Christ head of the world as well as of the predestinate.
16:18—The church a mixed body—Particular churches—Reasons for calling the
Roman church the church.
meanings of faith—Faith formed in love—Faith and vision—Heb. 11:1—Faith
and hope—Fallibility of the pope—Infallibility of the Scriptures.
and not Peter the rock—Paul on the church’s foundation—Texts showing
Christ to be the rock—Augustine on the rock—Patriarchs looked forward not to
Peter—The apostles the foundations of the church—Peter captain and
primate—Peter’s virtues—The priest makes the chair, not the chair the
priest—Christ the way, the truth, the life.
and civil power—Power of the keys—Penance—Forgiveness granted only by him
sinned against—How far the priest binds and looses—Things Peter could not
loose—Lazarus loosed—Binding and loosing belong to all the apostles.
the power of Christ and not following him—The devil the worst of
sophists—Christ came to minister—Fictitious clerical authority—Christ’s
true followers—Simoniac priests—The contention of the eight doctors.
in Christ alone of necessity to salvation—Christ the eternal high
priest—Gregory I’s letter on the papal prerogative—Assumptions and
ostentation of modem pontiffs.
alleged successors of Peter and the apostles—Unlettered popes—The papissa
Joan—Heretic popes—Constantine’s donation—Pope and cardinals not
necessarily successors of the apostles—The pope may be head of the Roman
church if his life is worthy—lf he is predestinate.
not the body of Christ—Not all the predestinate—Prelates often do not seek
the things of Christ—The name does not make the bishop—The pope’s
display—Kissing the pope’s feet—Prelates to be tested by their works.
prelates—Duties of Christ’s apostles—Ambrose. Augustine, etc., true vicars
of Christ—Constantine’s donation—Lewis’s grant to Pascal—No such grant
from Christ—Original identity of bishops and presbyters—Gregory XII
condemned by the cardinals—The church at first without a pope—The two order
of bishop and deacon—The clergy discerned by their works.
and cardinals as judges—Jerome on the Roman see—Christ falsely condemned by
statue law—Popes to be disobeyed if their judgment are contrary to the
truth—Christ did not pronounce civil judgments—Not put to death—Old
Testament examples not to be followed—The sanguinary corollary—The
abomination of desolation—Cases of strife over the papacy—Wicked popes—The
Avignon schism—Constantine’s donation announced by an angel, bad or good.
superiors not always to be obeyed—Christ’s obedience to a superior—To an
inferior—Obedience of the greater to the less—Of an equal to an equal—Of
the less to the greater—Obedience only virtuous as it is of God—Commands and
counsels—Ecclesiastical laws not commanded in Scripture.
true priest does good works—Preaching—Pope is apostolic when He follows the
apostles—Moses’ seat was Moses’ authority—Augustine on the apostolic
see—Papal commands, to be tested—Huss’s appeal to Christ—Pope may
err—Solemn responsibility of priests who kill the sheep—Augustine on
cathedrals—Marcellus made mistakes—The primacy of Antioch and Rome.
absolutely good always to be obeyed—Commands that are
intermediate—Neutrality impossible where moral action is concerned—Superiors
to be obeyed always when they teach Christ’s commandments—St. Paul’s
example—Bernard on the duty of obedience—Clerics and laics to scrutinize the
commands of superiors—No blind obedience.
to be obeyed in all things”—Excommunication only for mortal sin—In matters
intermediate the church sometimes to be disobeyed—Commands to be weighed by
the reason—Ecclesiastical burdens hard to be borne—Christ’s yoke
easy—The Christian to follow Christ’s commands—Capable priests ought to
preach as much as the rich to give alms.
and prelates compared to the scribes and Pharisees—Divine
counsels—Circumstance modifying commands—Huss’s reasons for not going to
Rome—Commands repugnant to reason—Christ the first exemplar to be
followed—Deaths of John, Martin, and Stafron—An inferior may rebuke a
superior—Objections from the canon law against rebuking a pope—Inferiors
should examine commands before they obey them.
tenure from the pope not to be questioned”—Pilate’s treatment of the
censure of Christ—Excommunication, suspension, interdict—Excommunication
does not hurt the righteous—God must first excommunicate—The wicked already
excommunicated from the body of the righteous.
must be from God to be valid—Eli and his sons—Old Testament priest less
guilty than New Testament priests—Prelates more guilty than the people if they
do not warn the people—Not to reprove is to consent to sin—The
interdict—Christ imposed none—Unjust to the innocent community—Reasons for
the interdict on Prague—The curia’s method—Boniface VIII’s bull—“The
customs of the fathers”—The apostles did not fulminate
interdicts—Condemnation of the XLV Wyclifite Articles—The effect.