Lesson 3 The Attributes of God
Reading: Psalm 139:1–12
1 Timothy 1:17.
unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be
honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
40:28. Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that
the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth
not, neither is weary? there is
no searching of his understanding.
43:13, 15. Yea, before the day was
I am he; and there is
none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let it? . . . 15I
am the LORD, your Holy One, the
creator of Israel, your King.
45:21. Tell ye, and bring them
near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient
time? who hath told it from that
time? have not I the LORD? and there
is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there
is none beside me.
23:23, 24. Am I a God at hand,
saith the LORD, and not a God afar off? 24Can any hide himself in
secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and
earth? saith the LORD.
32:17. Ah Lord GOD! behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy great
power and stretched out arm, and
there is nothing too hard for thee.
7:18. Who is a God like unto
thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant
of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in
ON THE LESSON TOPIC
40:28. God is here called the everlasting
God which makes him eternal. That he does not faint or get weary suggests his
unchangeableness. His omniscience is also suggested.
43:13. In this passage we have God existing before time, which shows his
eternity: it is an independent existence. His irresistible power is also shown.
“Let” means to reverse. V15. God is also called the Holy One. This
points out another of his attributes.
45:21. The prophet’s description of God points out his foreknowledge, his
unity—the one God, and his justice.
23:23–24. God is afar off as well as near. Here is the doctrine of
3217. In stating that there is nothing too hard for God, the prophet
expresses God’s omnipotence.
7:18. This text points out the mercy of God.
TOPIC: THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD
the attributes of God we mean the essential qualities that make up his nature.
We speak of the qualities of matter as extension, inertia, etc., for of the
faculties of the mind as knowing, feeling, and willing. The attributes of God
are variously classified. For convenience we call them as moral and non-moral,
discussing the latter first.
The unity of God.
unity of God we mean fist that there is but one God. The Scriptures abound in
testimony on this fact. Deuteronomy 4:25; Psalm 86:10; Isaiah 45:22; John 17:3;
1 Corinthians 8:5–6; I Timothy 2:5.
Scriptures leave no place whatever for many gods. The “gods many, and lords
many” of which they speak, are false gods. He is the only self-existing Being.
The unity of god also includes the idea that he is not a compound of separate
units. His attributes do not exist apart from him any more than color exists
without an object to be colored.
Spirituality of God.
spirituality we mean that God is a spirit and not material substance; that he is
an individual with intelligence, feeling, and will and hence a moral Being.
Hebrews 12:9; Numbers 16:22; 2 Corinthians 3:17.
Unchangeableness of God.
unchangeableness of god is meant that his character and nature are unchangeable,
fixed, and entirely dependable. He is ever the same. He is free to act at his
own discretion in harmony with his essential nature. Malachi 3:6; James 1:17;
Hebrews 13:8; Psalm 33:11; Hebrews 1:10–12.
not our idea of unchangeableness leave God unable to act. He does act in answer
to prayer and otherwise. This is not a change in his character but he is only
The eternity of God.
eternity of God, like his other attributes is beyond our comprehension, yet is
necessary to reason and is taught in the Scriptures. He has existed forever and
will forever exist, not just as a matter of fact but because he is the great I
AM—the self-existing One. He who changes not shall abide ever. Psalm 90:2;
Isaiah 57:15; Genesis 21:33; Deuteronomy 33:27.
omnipotence we mean that God is all powerful. Reason cannot establish this fact
by can bring near to it and has nothing to forbid it. The Scriptures clearly
state God’s omnipotence. We are conscious of power but in a very limited way.
God’s power is unlimited except by his own nature and the nature of things. He
cannot make sin holy nor the wicked safe. He has full power to do all that is in
harmony with his nature. Genesis 17:1; Mathew 19:26; Revelation 19:6; Psalm
33:9, 115:3, 135:6.
is everywhere present. This is not that he is physically present everywhere,
filling all space, for God is not matter. It is rather that nothing is out of
his consciousness or power or immediate action. He sees all, hears all, and has,
so to speak, the universe at the end of his fingers. He has the power of
immediate action everywhere without the need of transporting himself from place
to place. We are conscious of the immediate presence of god with us. This is not
a part of God, for he is One. 1 Kings 8:27; Proverbs 15:3.
God is and ever has been, he knows all things. He not only knows the past and
present, but also the future. God may know what I will do without willing that I
do that thing. He may desire that I do otherwise. Psalm 147:5; Hebrews 4:13;
Isaiah 42:9, 46:9–10; Ezekiel 11:5; Acts 15:18.
is holy because in his very nature he is pure. He has not established standards
convenient to himself to which he conforms, thus making himself sinless, but
these standards are right in themselves. They but express his nature. There is
no need for restraint of his acts as he has only pure desires. He, in his
requirements of men, asks the same sinlessness in us that is in him. He could
not be holy and ask less. There is not fellowship between holiness and sin.
Exodus 15:11; Leviticus 11:44; Psalm 22:3; Isaiah 6:3; 1 Peter 1:15.
means that God will treat all men as they should be treated, both good and evil.
He will be perfectly fair in his dealings with all. This applies to the reward
of righteousness as well as the punishment of the wicked. Genesis 18:25;
Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 89:14; Revelation 15:3.
has proved his infinite love for man by what he has done for him. John 3:16;
is love shown to the needy and unworthy. Exodus 34:6–7; Numbers 14:18; Psalm
103:8–14; Hebrews 4:16.
God says is true. God never lies and he never makes mistakes. Deuteronomy 32:4;