Lesson 1 The Scriptures, the Word of God
Reading: Psalm 1:1–6
entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.
1:1–4. God, who at sundry times and in divers
manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2Hath in
these last days spoken unto us by his
Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
3Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all
things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat
down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4Being made so much
better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name
2:1–4. Therefore we ought to give the more earnest
heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them
slip. 2For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every
transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward; 3How
shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to
be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him; 4God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers
miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?
Timothy 3:16, 17. All scripture is
given by inspiration of God, and is
profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in
righteousness: 17That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto
all good works.
Peter 1:20–21. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any
private interpretation. 21For the prophecy came not in old time by
the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
ON THE LESSON TEXT
1:1. The authorship of the Old Testament is attributed to God. The period of
revelation is extended and the method varies. V2. The Son becomes the
messenger of the New Testament. His station entitles him to speak with
authority. Vv 3, 4. The transcendent glory of Christ is here revealed.
He, in his own person, reveals the Godhead. “He that hath seen me hath seen
the Father.” Such an one is eminently fitted to be the messenger of a perfect
2:1. An earnest warning to heed the revelation from God. The reason for such
a warning follows. V2. The Law was ordained by angles. Penalties for
disobedience were sever and immediately executed. V3. The message of the
New Covenant, upon which our salvation rests, is none the less authentic. We
must hear it. Christ is the author of this message which he committed to his
immediate followers. They have transmitted the message to us. V4. God has
authenticated, by many indisputable signs, the message delivered to us by the
Apostles. There is no question as to the authority of their message.
Timothy 3:26, 27. The inspiration of the Scriptures is here stated in clear
terms. Eminent scholars prefer this reading to weaker rendering of the Revised
TOPIC: THE SCRIPTURES, THE WORD OF GOD
REASONS FOR A REVELATION
The possibility of revelation.
one who believes in an Infinite Being it is unthinkable that He cannot reveal
himself. Revelation depends not alone on God’s power to reveal himself, but
also on man’s power to comprehend God. The lowest savage can learn spiritual
truth and be made to feel the love of God.
The necessity of a revelation.
we may know about God through nature is sufficient to awaken a sense of
responsibility. How can I get rid of sin? How can I be holy? How can I prepare
for the future life? These questions nature can never answer. If they are
answered it must be by direct revelation from God.
The probability of a revelation.
the Creator desires the highest wellbeing of his creatures is sufficient reason
for supposing that he would reveal to them the way of life. To admit that a
revelation is possible and necessary, and then to deny that the Creator would
give such a revelation is to charge him with an indifference toward his
creatures that is denied by all nature. Will he who is so solicitous of our
physical welfare that he provides us with the necessities of life deny us the
spiritual help that alone can save us from moral and spiritual destruction?
THE BIBLE IS A DIVINE REVELATION
Bible, and the Bible only, meets the need.
The content of the Bible revelation.
Bible responds to the cry of the human heart. It furnishes us an object of
worship worthy of our most humble devotion. It points the way of forgiveness
through the atonement of Christ. It shows the way of holiness by a new life
imparted from above. This revelation shows man the way of a successful and happy
The process of revelation.
revelation of truth in the Bible has been gradual and progressive. The reception
of truth by the race must be gradual. As time passes, a more spiritual
conception is revealed, culminating in the revelation given through Christ.
The finality of this revelation.
these last times God has spoken through his Son. There is no reason to look for
a different revelation.
THE INSPIRATION OF THE SCRIPTURES
historical truth in the Bible was known by the writers to correctly transmit the
Claims for inspiration.
expressions as, “Thus saith the Lord;” “The word of the Lord came unto
me,” etc. are frequently used in the Old Testament. Moses is represented as
writing at God’s command (Exodus 17:14; 34:27). Peter recognized David as
speaking by the Holy Ghost (Acts 1:16). Jesus appeals to the Scriptures in
defense of his own claims (John 5:39). His sweeping endorsement of the entire
Old Testament is quite conclusive (Luke 24:27, 44).
promised inspiration to his Apostles. The Holy Ghost to speak through them, and
he was to bring to their remembrance what Christ said. Peter places the Apostles
on a level with the holy prophets.
Proofs of inspiration.
3:2; Hebrews 2:4. Miracles accompany the message.
The nature of inspiration.
Bible contains the exact words spoken by God’s voice; the exact words given by
God to his prophets. God gave clear ideas of his message, then allows the writer
to express it in his own characteristic style.
it be a passage in which we have the exact words of God’s diction, or one in
which the personality of the writer stands out the most prominently, we still
have the assurance of the unerring guidance of the Holy Spirit. “All Scripture
is given by the inspiration of God.”