THE WORKS OF JAMES ARMINIUS

 

 

Translated from the Latin

Vols. 1 & 2 by James Nichols, Vol. 3 by W. R. Bagnall  

 

 

James (Jacob) Arminius (1560–1609) was a Dutch theologian who studied, taught, and eventually broke with Calvinism. He was particularly at odds with John Calvin's emphasis on unconditional election and irresistible grace. The Synod of Dort (1618–19) strongly reaffirmed ultra-Calvinism in reaction to Arminius' growing influence. As a result, hundreds of Arminians—also known as Remonstrants—were removed from their pulpits. But Arminianism was not to be conquered. Its strong emphasis on free-will, salvation for all, and resistible grace, continued to be influential, finding perhaps its strongest proponent in John Wesley.

 

 

VOLUME I

 

A SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF JAMES ARMINIUS

 

ORATIONS OF ARMINIUS

            ORATION 1:  The Object of Theology

            ORATION 2:  The Author and End of Theology

            ORATION 3:  The Certainty of Sacred Theology

            ORATION 4:   The Priesthood of Christ

            ORATION 5:   On Reconciling Religious Dissensions among Christians

 

A DECLARATION OF THE SENTIMENTS OF ARMINIUS

 (On predestination, divine providence, the freedom of the will, the grace of God, the divinity of the Son of God, and the justification of man before God.)  

    INTRODUCTION

1.  ON PREDESTINATION

2.  THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD

3.  THE FREE WILL OF MAN

4.  THE GRACE OF GOD

5.  THE PERSEVERANCE OF THE SAINTS

6.  THE ASSURANCE OF SALVATION

7.  THE PERFECTION OF BELIEVERS IN THIS LIFE

8.  THE DIVINITY OF THE SON OF GOD

9.  THE JUSTIFICATION OF MAN BEFORE GOD

10. THE REVISION OF THE DUTCH CONFESSION, AND THE HEIDELBERG CATECHISM

 

THE APOLOGY OR DEFENSE OF JAMES ARMINIUS - PART 1

(Against certain theological articles extensively distributed, and currently circulated at least through the hands of some persons in the Low Countries and beyond their confines; in which both Arminius and Adrian Borrius, a minister of Leyden, are rendered suspected of novelty and heterodoxy, or error and heresy, on the subject of religion.)

 

VOLUME II

 

 

THE APOLOGY OR DEFENSE OF JAMES ARMINIUS - PART 2

 

NINE QUESTIONS

(Nine questions exhibited for the purpose of obtaining an answer from each of the professors of divinity; and their replies which James Arminius gave to them; with other nine opposite articles.)

1.      Which is first, Election, or Faith Truly Foreseen, so that God elected his people according to faith foreseen

2.      If it be said, "that God, by his eternal decree, has determined and governs all things and every thing, even the depraved wills of men, to appointed good ends," does it follow from this, that God is the author of sin

3.      Does original sin, of itself, render man obnoxious to eternal death, even without the addition of any actual sin Or is the guilt of original sin taken away from all and every one by the benefits of Christ the Mediator

4.      Are the works of the unregenerate, which proceed from the powers of nature, so pleasing to God, as to induce Him on account of them to confer supernatural and saving grace on those who perform them

5.      Can God now, in his own right, require faith from fallen man in Christ, which he cannot have of himself But does God bestow on all and every one, to whom the Gospel is preached, sufficient grace by which they may believe, if they will

6.      Is justifying faith the effect and the mere gift of God alone, who calls, illuminates, and reforms the will and is it peculiar to the elect alone from all eternity

7.      May every one who is a true believer be assured in this life of his individual salvation; and is it his duty to have this assurance

8.      May true believers and elect persons entirely lose faith for a season

9.      Can believers under the grace of the New Covenant, perfectly observe the law of God in this life

REMARKS ON THE PRECEDING QUESTIONS, AND ON THOSE OPPOSED TO THEM

 

PUBLIC DISPUTATIONS ON SOME OF THE PRINCIPAL SUBJECTS OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION

INTRODUCTION

DISPUTATION 1: ON THE AUTHORITY AND CERTAINTY OF THE SACRED SCRIPTURES

DISPUTATION 2: ON THE SUFFICIENCY AND PERFECTION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES IN OPPOSITION TO TRADITIONS.

DISPUTATION 3: ON THE SUFFICIENCY AND PERFECTION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES IN OPPOSITION TO HUMAN TRADITIONS

DISPUTATION 4: ON THE NATURE OF GOD

DISPUTATION 5: ON THE PERSON OF THE FATHER AND THE SON

DISPUTATION 6: ON THE HOLY SPIRIT

DISPUTATION 7: ON THE FIRST SIN OF THE FIRST MAN

DISPUTATION 8: ON ACTUAL SINS

DISPUTATION 9: ON THE RIGHTEOUSNESS AND EFFICACY OF THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD CONCERNING EVIL

DISPUTATION 10: ON THE RIGHTEOUSNESS AND EFFICACY OF THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD CONCERNING EVIL

DISPUTATION 11: ON THE FREE WILL OF MAN AND ITS POWERS

DISPUTATION 12: THE LAW OF GOD

DISPUTATION 13: ON THE COMPARISON OF THE LAW AND THE GOSPEL

DISPUTATION 14: ON THE OFFICES OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST

DISPUTATION 15: ON DIVINE PREDESTINATION

DISPUTATION 16: ON THE VOCATION OF MEN TO SALVATION

DISPUTATION 17: ON REPENTANCE

DISPUTATION 18: ON THE CHURCH AND ITS HEAD

DISPUTATION 19: ON THE JUSTIFICATION OF MAN BEFORE GOD

DISPUTATION 20: ON CHRISTIAN LIBERTY

DISPUTATION 21: ON THE ROMAN PONTIFF, AND THE PRINCIPAL TITLES WHICH ARE ATTRIBUTED TO HIM

DISPUTATION 22: THE CASE OF ALL THE PROTESTANT OR REFORMED CHURCHES, WITH RESPECT TO THEIR ALLEGED SECESSION

DISPUTATION 23: ON IDOLATRY

DISPUTATION 24: ON THE INVOCATION OF SAINTS

DISPUTATION 25: ON MAGISTRACY

   

PRIVATE DISPUTATIONS ON THE PRINCIPAL OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION

(These Private Disputations are very properly described in the title, as having formed the ground-work of a body of Divinity, which it was the intention of Arminius to have completed had he been favored with health and longer life.)

DISPUTATION 1: ON THEOLOGY

DISPUTATION 2: ON THE MANNER IN WHICH THEOLOGY MUST BE TAUGHT

DISPUTATION 3: ON BLESSEDNESS, THE END OF THEOLOGY

DISPUTATION 4: ON RELIGION

DISPUTATION 5: ON THE RULE OF RELIGION, THE WORD OF GOD, AND THE SCRIPTURES IN PARTICULAR

DISPUTATION 6: ON THE AUTHORITY AND CERTAINTY OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES

DISPUTATION 7: ON THE PERFECTION OF THE SCRIPTURES

DISPUTATION 8: ON THE PERSPICUITY OF THE SCRIPTURES

DISPUTATION 9: ON THE MEANINGS AND INTERPRETATION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES

DISPUTATION 10: ON THE EFFICACY OF THE SCRIPTURES

DISPUTATION 11: ON RELIGION IN A STRICTER SENSE

DISPUTATION 12: ON THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, ITS NAME AND RELATION

DISPUTATION 13: ON THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, WITH REGARD TO THE MATTER GENERALLY

DISPUTATION 14: ON THE OBJECT OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION: AND, FIRST, ABOUT GOD, ITS PRIMARY OBJECT, AND WHAT GOD IS

DISPUTATION 15: ON THE NATURE OF GOD

DISPUTATION 16: ON THE LIFE OF GOD

DISPUTATION 17: ON THE UNDERSTANDING OF GOD

DISPUTATION 18: ON THE WILL OF GOD

DISPUTATION 19: ON THE VARIOUS DISTINCTIONS OF THE WILL OF GOD

DISPUTATION 20: ON THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD WHICH COME TO BE CONSIDERED UNDER HIS WILL AND, FIRST, ON THOSE WHICH HAVE AN ANALOGY TO THE AFFECTIONS OR PASSIONS IN RATIONAL CREATURES

DISPUTATION 21: ON THOSE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD WHICH HAVE SOME ANALOGY TO THE MORAL VIRTUES, AND WHICH ACT LIKE MODERATORS OF THE AFFECTIONS, CONSIDERED IN THE PRECEDING DISPUTATION

DISPUTATION 22: ON THE POWER OR CAPABILITY OF GOD

DISPUTATION 23: ON THE PERFECTION, BLESSEDNESS AND GLORY OF GOD

DISPUTATION 24: ON CREATION

DISPUTATION 25: ON ANGELS IN GENERAL AND IN PARTICULAR

DISPUTATION 26: ON THE CREATION OF MANE AFTER THE IMAGE OF GOD

DISPUTATION 27: ON THE LORDSHIP OR DOMINION OF GOD

DISPUTATION 28: ON THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD

DISPUTATION 29: ON THE COVENANT INTO WHICH GOD ENTERED WITH OUR FIST PARENTS

DISPUTATION 30: THE MANNER IN WHICH MAN CONDUCTED HIMSELF FOR FULFILLING THE FIRST COVENANT, OR ON THE SIN OF OUR FIRST PARENTS

DISPUTATION 31: ON THE EFFECTS OF THE SIN OF OUR FIRST PARENTS

DISPUTATION 32: ON THE NECESSITY OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION

DISPUTATION 33: ON THE RESTORATION OF MAN

DISPUTATION 34: ON THE PERSON OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST

DISPUTATION 35: ON THE PRIESTLY OFFICE OF CHRIST

DISPUTATION 36: ON THE PROPHETICAL OFFICE OF CHRIST

DISPUTATION 37: ON THE REGAL OFFICE OF CHRIST

DISPUTATION 38: ON THE STATES OF CHRIST’S HUMILIATION AND EXALTATION

DISPUTATION 39: ON THE WILL, AND COMMAND OF GOD THE FATHER AND OF CHRIST, BY WHICH THEY WILL AND COMMAND THAT RELIGION BE PERFORMED TO THEM BY SINFUL MAN

DISPUTATION 40: ON THE PREDESTINATION OF BELIEVERS

DISPUTATION 41: ON THE PREDESTINATION OF THE MEANS TO AN END

DISPUTATION 42: ON THE VOCATION OF SINFUL MEN TO CHRIST, AND TO A PARTICIPATION OF SALVATION IN HIM

DISPUTATION 43: ON THE REPENTANCE BY WHICH MEN ANSWER TO THE DIVINE VOCATION

DISPUTATION 44: ON FAITH IN GOD AND CHRIST

DISPUTATION 45: ON THE UNION OF BELIEVERS WITH CHRIST

DISPUTATION 46: ON THE COMMUNION OF BELIEVERS WITH CHRIST, AND PARTICULARLY WITH HIS DEATH

DISPUTATION 47: THE COMMUNION OF BELIEVERS WITH CHRIST IN REGARD TO HIS LIFE

DISPUTATION 48: ON JUSTIFICATION

DISPUTATION 49: ON THE SANCTIFICATION OF MAN

DISPUTATION 50: ON THE CHURCH OF GOD AND OF CHRIST: OR ON THE CHURCH IN GENERAL AFTER THE FALL

DISPUTATION 51: ON THE CHURCH OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, OR UNDER THE PROMISE

DISPUTATION 52: ON THE CHURCH OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, OR UNDER THE GOSPEL

DISPUTATION 53: ON THE HEAD AND THE MARKS OF THE CHURCH

DISPUTATION 54: ON THE CATHOLIC CHURCH , HER PARTS AND RELATIONS

DISPUTATION 55: ON THE POWER OF THE CHURCH IN DELIVERING DOCTRINES

DISPUTATION 56: ON THE POWER OF THE CHURCH IN ENACTING LAWS

DISPUTATION 57: ON THE POWER OF THE CHURCH IN ADMINISTERING JUSTICE, OR ON ECCLESIASTICAL DISCIPLINE

DISPUTATION 58: ON COUNCILS

DISPUTATION 59: ON THE ECCLESIASTICAL MINISTRATIONS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT AND ON THE VOCATION TO THEM

DISPUTATION 60: ON SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL

DISPUTATION 61: ON THE SACRAMENTS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, THE TREE OF LIFE, CIRCUMCISION, AND THE PASCHAL LAMB

DISPUTATION 62: ON THE SACRAMENTS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT IN GENERAL

DISPUTATION 63: ON BAPTISM AND PAEDO-BAPTISM

DISPUTATION 64: ON THE LORD’S SUPPER

DISPUTATION 65: ON THE POPISH MASS

DISPUTATION 66: ON THE FIVE FALSE SACRAMENTS

DISPUTATION 67: ON THE WORSHIP OF GOD IN GENERAL

DISPUTATION 68: ON THE PRECEPTS OF DIVINE WORSHIP IN GENERAL

DISPUTATION 69: ON OBEDIENCE, THE FORMAL OBJECT OF ALL THE DIVINE PRECEPTS

DISPUTATION 70: ON OBEDIENCE TO THE COMMANDS OF GOD IN GENERAL

DISPUTATION 71: ON THE MATERIAL OBJECT OF THE PRECEPTS OF THE LAW IN GENERAL

DISPUTATION 72: THE LOVE, FEAR, TRUST, AND HONOR WHICH ARE DUE FROM MAN TO GOD

DISPUTATION 73: ON PARTICULAR ACTS OF OBEDIENCE, OR THOSE WHICH ARE PRESCRIBED IN EACH PRECEPT, OR CONCERNING THE DECALOGUE IN GENERAL

DISPUTATION 74: ON THE FIRST COMMAND IN THE DECALOGUE

DISPUTATION 75: ON THE SECOND COMMAND IN THE DECALOGUE

DISPUTATION 76: ON THE THIRD COMMAND IN THE DECALOGUE

DISPUTATION 77: ON THE FOURTH COMMAND IN THE DECALOGUE

DISPUTATION 78: ON THE FIFTH COMMAND IN THE DECALOGUE

DISPUTATION 79: ON THE SIXTH PRECEPT

 

DISSERTATION OF THE TRUE AND GENUINE SENSE OF THE SEVENTH CHAPTER OF ST. PAUL’S EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS

DEDICATION & DISSERTATION

FIRST PART

1.      THE THESIS TO BE PROVED

2.      THE CONNECTION OF THE SEVENTH CHAPTER WITH THE SIXTH

Romans 7:14

Romans 7:15

Romans 7:16

Romans 7:17

Romans 7:18, 19

Romans 7:20

Romans 7:21

Romans 7:22, 23

            THE ANCIENT FATHERS

            MODERN DIVINES

                              Romans 7:24

                              Romans 7:25

3.      RECAPITULATION

4.      THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE SEVENTH AND THE EIGHTH CHAPTERS

    SECOND PART

1.      THE OPINION WHICH IS TO BE CORROBORATED BY TESTIMONIES

2.      THE MOST ANCIENT AND MOST RESPECTABLE OF THE CHRISTIAN FATHERS APPROVE OF THE INTERPRETATION WHICH WE GIVE TO THIS CHAPTER

3.      THE OPINION OF ST. AUGUSTINE

4.      OUR OPINION IS SUPPORTED BY SEVERAL WRITERS OF THE MIDDLE AGES

5.      THE FAVORABLE TESTIMONIES OF MORE RECENT TIMES

    THIRD PART

1.      THIS OPINION IS NEITHER HERETICAL NOR ALLIED TO ANY HERESY

2.      OUR OPINION IS DIRECTLY OPPOSED TO THE PELAGIAN HERESY

     FOURTH PART

THE OPPOSITE OPINION IS APPROVED BY NONE OF THE ANCIENT DOCTORS OF THE CHURCH

FIFTH PART

1.      THE OPPOSITE OPINION IS INJURIOUS TO GRACE AND HURTFUL TO GOOD MORALS

2.      VARIOUS OBJECTIONS IN FAVOR OF THE COMMON INTERPRETATION ANSWERED

 

A LETTER ADDRESSED TO HIPPOLYTUS a COLLIBUS

            ADDRESS TO THE READER

            A LETTER

                        1.  THE DIVINITY OF THE SON OF GOD

                        2.  THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD

                        3.  DIVINE PREDESTINATION

                        4.  GRACE AND FREE WILL

                        5.  JUSTIFICATION

 

CERTAIN ARTICLES TO BE DILIGENTLY EXAMINED AND WEIGHED BECAUSE SOME CONTROVERSY HAS ARISEN CONCERNING THEM AMONG EVEN THOSE WHO PROFESS THE REFORMED RELIGION

1.    ON THE SCRIPTURE AND HUMAN TRADITIONS

2.    ON GOD CONSIDERED ACCORDING TO HIS NATURE

3.    ON GOD, CONSIDERED ACCORDING TO THE RELATION BETWEEN THE PERSONS IN THE TRINITY

4.    ON THE DECREE OF GOD

5.    ON PREDESTINATION TO SALVATION, AND ON DAMNATION CONSIDERED IN THE HIGHEST DEGREE

6.    ON THE CREATION, AND CHIEFLY THAT OF MAN

7.    ON THE DOMINION OF GOD OVER THE CREATURES, AND CHIEFLY OVER MAN

8.    ON THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD

9.    ON PREDESTINATION, CONSIDERED IN THE PRIMEVAL STATE OF MAN

10.  ON THE CAUSE OF SIN UNIVERSALLY

11.  OF THE FALL OF MAN

12.  ON ORIGINAL SIN

13.  ON THE PREDESTINATION OF MAN CONSIDERED PARTLY IN HIS PRIMEVAL STATE, AND PARTLY IN THE FALL

14. ON PREDESTINATION CONSIDERED AFTER THE FALL

15. ON THE DECREES OF GOD WHICH CONCERN THE SALVATION OF SINFUL MEN, ACCORDING TO HIS OWN SENSE

16. ON CHRIST

17. ON THE VOCATION OF SINNERS TO COMMUNION WITH CHRIST, AND TO A PARTICIPATION OF HIS BENEFITS

18.  ON PENITENCE

19.  ON FAITH

20.  ON REGENERATION AND THE REGENERATE

21.  ON THE PERSEVERANCE OF SAINTS

22.  ON THE ASSURANCE OF SALVATION

23.  ON TH JUSTIFICATION OF MAN AS A SINNER, BUT YET A BELIEVER, BEFORE GOD

24.  ON THE GOOD WORKS OF BELIEVERS

25.  ON PRAYER

26.  ON THE INFANTS OF BELIEVERS WHEN THEY ARE OFFERED FOR BAPTISM

27.  ON THE SUPPER OF THE LORD

28.  ON MAGISTRACY

29.  ON THE CHURCH OF ROME

 

A LETTER ON THE SIN AGAINST THE HOLY GHOST

 

VOLUME III

 

 

A FRIENDLY DISCUSSION BETWEEN JAMES ARMINIUS & FRANCIS JUNIUS, CONCERNING PREDESTINATION, CONDUCTED BY MEANS OF LETTERS

          REPLY OF FRANCIS JUNIUS

          FIRST PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

          SECOND PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

          THIRD PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

          FOURTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

          FIFTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

          SIXTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

SEVENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

EIGHTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

NINTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

ELEVENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWELFTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

THIRTEENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

FOURTEENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

FIFTEENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

SIXTEENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

SEVENTEENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

EIGHTEENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

NINETEENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWENTIETH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWENTY-FIRST PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWENTY-SECOND PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWENTY-THIRD PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWENTY-FOURTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWENTY-FIFTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWENTY-SIXTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

TWENTY-SEVENTH PROPOSITION OF ARMINIUS

 

APPENDIX: 20 THESES OF DR. FRANCIS JUNIUS CONCERNING DIVINE PREDESTINATION & SOME BRIEF ANNOTATIONS OF JAMES ARMINIUS

 

AN EXAMINATION OF A TREATISE; CONCERNING THE ORDER AND MODE OF PREDESTINATION AND THE AMPLITUDE OF DIVINE GRACE BY REV. WILLIAM PERKINS PART 1

 

EXAMINATION OF THE ANSWER OF PERKINS TO CERTAIN ALLEGATIONS AGAINST THE ADVOCATES OF UNCONDITIONAL PREDESTINATION

 

ALLEGATION 1: IT IS TAUGHT BY US THAT CERTAIN MEN, AND FEW IN NUMBER, ARE ELECTED

 

ALLEGATION 2: WE TEACH THAT GOD ORDAINED MEN TO HELL-FIRE, AND THAT HE CREATED THEM, THAT HE MIGHT DESTROY THEM

 

ALLEGATION 3: THE PREDESTINATION OF THE STOICS, AND THE FATALISM OF THE STOICS, HAS BEEN INTRODUCED BY US

DISCUSSION OF THE SUBJECT OF PERMISSION

 

ALLEGATION 4: WE TEACH THAT THE GREATEST PART OF THE HUMAN RACE ARE LEFT WITHOUT CHRIST AND WITHOUT ANY SAVING GRACE

 

AN EXAMINATION OF A TREATISE; CONCERNING THE ORDER AND MODE OF PREDESTINATION AND THE AMPLITUDE OF DIVINE GRACE BY REV. WILLIAM PERKINS PART 2

 

   

ANALYSIS OF THE NINTH CHAPTER OF THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS