Wisdom of Jesus Son of
Also known as ecclesiasticus
Prologue made by an uncertain Author]
Jesus was the son of Sirach, and grandchild to Jesus of the same name with him:
this man therefore lived in the latter times, after the people had been led away
captive, and called home a again, and almost after all the prophets. Now his
grandfather Jesus, as he himself witnesseth, was a man of great diligence and
wisdom among the Hebrews, who did not only gather the grave and short sentences
of wise men, that had been before him, but himself also uttered some of his own,
full of much understanding and wisdom. When as therefore the first Jesus died,
leaving this book almost perfected, Sirach his son receiving it after him left
it to his own son Jesus, who, having gotten it into his hands, compiled it all
orderly into one volume, and called it Wisdom, intituling it both by his own
name, his father's name, and his grandfather's; alluring the hearer by the very
name of Wisdom to have a greater love to the study of this book. It containeth
therefore wise sayings, dark sentences, and parables, and certain particular
ancient godly stories of men that pleased God; also his prayer and song;
moreover, what benefits God had vouchsafed his people, and what plagues he had
heaped upon their enemies. This Jesus did imitate Solomon, and was no less
famous for wisdom and learning, both being indeed a man of great learning, and
so reputed also. [The Prologue of the Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach.]
Whereas many and great things have been delivered unto us by the law and the
prophets, and by others that have followed their steps, for the which things
Israel ought to be commended for learning and wisdom; and whereof not only the
readers must needs become skilful themselves, but also they that desire to learn
be able to profit them which are without, both by speaking and writing: my
grandfather Jesus, when he had much given himself to the reading of the law, and
the prophets, and other books of our fathers, and had gotten therein good
judgment, was drawn on also himself to write something pertaining to learning
and wisdom; to the intent that those which are desirous to learn, and are
addicted to these things, might profit much more in living according to the law.
Wherefore let me intreat you to read it with favour and attention, and to pardon
us, wherein we may seem to come short of some words, which we have laboured to
interpret. For the same things uttered in Hebrew, and translated into another
tongue, have not the same force in them: and not only these things, but the law
itself, and the prophets, and the rest of the books, have no small difference,
when they are spoken in their own language. For in the eight and thirtieth year
coming into Egypt, when Euergetes was king, and continuing there some time, I
found a book of no small learning: therefore I thought it most necessary for me
to bestow some diligence and travail to interpret it; using great watchfulness
and skill in that space to bring the book to an end, and set it forth for them
also, which in a strange country are willing to learn, being prepared before in
manners to live after the law.
All wisdom cometh from the Lord, and is with him for ever.
 Who can number the sand of
the sea, and the drops of rain, and the days of eternity?
 Who can find out the height
of heaven, and the breadth of the earth, and the deep, and wisdom?
 Wisdom hath been created
before all things, and the understanding of prudence from everlasting.
 The word of God most high is
the fountain of wisdom; and her ways are everlasting commandments.
 To whom hath the root of
wisdom been revealed? or who hath known her wise counsels?
 [Unto whom hath the knowledge
of wisdom been made manifest? and who hath understood her great experience?]
 There is one wise and greatly
to be feared, the Lord sitting upon his throne.
 He created her, and saw her,
and numbered her, and poured her out upon all his works.
 She is with all flesh
according to his gift, and he hath given her to them that love him.
 The fear of the Lord is
honour, and glory, and gladness, and a crown of rejoicing.
 The fear of the Lord maketh
a merry heart, and giveth joy, and gladness, and a long life.
 Whoso feareth the Lord, it
shall go well with him at the last, and he shall find favour in the day of his
 To fear the Lord is the
beginning of wisdom: and it was created with the faithful in the womb.
 She hath built an
everlasting foundation with men, and she shall continue with their seed.
 To fear the Lord is fulness
of wisdom, and filleth men with her fruits.
 She filleth all their house
with things desirable, and the garners with her increase.
 The fear of the Lord is a
crown of wisdom, making peace and perfect health to flourish; both which are the
gifts of God: and it enlargeth their rejoicing that love him.
 Wisdom raineth down skill
and knowledge of understanding standing, and exalteth them to honour that hold
 The root of wisdom is to
fear the Lord, and the branches thereof are long life.
 The fear of the Lord driveth
away sins: and where it is present, it turneth away wrath.
 A furious man cannot be
justified; for the sway of his fury shall be his destruction.
 A patient man will tear for
a time, and afterward joy shall spring up unto him.
 He will hide his words for a
time, and the lips of many shall declare his wisdom.
 The parables of knowledge
are in the treasures of wisdom: but godliness is an abomination to a sinner.
 If thou desire wisdom, keep
the commandments, and the Lord shall give her unto thee.
 For the fear of the Lord is
wisdom and instruction: and faith and meekness are his delight.
 Distrust not the fear of the
Lord when thou art poor: and come not unto him with a double heart.
 Be not an hypocrite in the
sight of men, and take good heed what thou speakest.
 Exalt not thyself, lest thou
fall, and bring dishonour upon thy soul, and so God discover thy secrets, and
cast thee down in the midst of the congregation, because thou camest not in
truth to the fear of the Lord, but thy heart is full of deceit.
My son, if thou come to serve the Lord, prepare thy soul for temptation.
 Set thy heart aright, and
constantly endure, and make not haste in time of trouble.
 Cleave unto him, and depart
not away, that thou mayest be increased at thy last end.
 Whatsoever is brought upon
thee take cheerfully, and be patient when thou art changed to a low estate.
 For gold is tried in the
fire, and acceptable men in the furnace of adversity.
 Believe in him, and he will
help thee; order thy way aright, and trust in him.
 Ye that fear the Lord, wait
for his mercy; and go not aside, lest ye fall.
 Ye that fear the Lord,
believe him; and your reward shall not fail.
 Ye that fear the Lord, hope
for good, and for everlasting joy and mercy.
 Look at the generations of
old, and see; did ever any trust in the Lord, and was confounded? or did any
abide in his fear, and was forsaken? or whom did he ever despise, that called
 For the Lord is full of
compassion and mercy, longsuffering, and very pitiful, and forgiveth sins, and
saveth in time of affliction.
 Woe be to fearful hearts,
and faint hands, and the sinner that goeth two ways!
 Woe unto him that is
fainthearted! for he believeth not; therefore shall he not be defended.
 Woe unto you that have lost
patience! and what will ye do when the Lord shall visit you?
 They that fear the Lord will
not disobey his Word; and they that love him will keep his ways.
 They that fear the Lord will
seek that which is well, pleasing unto him; and they that love him shall be
filled with the law.
 They that fear the Lord will
prepare their hearts, and humble their souls in his sight,
 Saying, We will fall into
the hands of the Lord, and not into the hands of men: for as his majesty is, so
is his mercy.
Hear me your father, O children, and do thereafter, that ye may be safe.
 For the Lord hath given the
father honour over the children, and hath confirmed the authority of the mother
over the sons.
 Whoso honoureth his father
maketh an atonement for his sins:
 And he that honoureth his
mother is as one that layeth up treasure.
 Whoso honoureth his father
shall have joy of his own children; and when he maketh his prayer, he shall be
 He that honoureth his father
shall have a long life; and he that is obedient unto the Lord shall be a comfort
to his mother.
 He that feareth the Lord will
honour his father, and will do service unto his parents, as to his masters.
 Honour thy father and mother
both in word and deed, that a blessing may come upon thee from them.
 For the blessing of the
father establisheth the houses of children; but the curse of the mother rooteth
 Glory not in the dishonour
of thy father; for thy father's dishonour is no glory unto thee.
 For the glory of a man is
from the honour of his father; and a mother in dishonour is a reproach to the
 My son, help thy father in
his age, and grieve him not as long as he liveth.
 And if his understanding
fail, have patience with him; and despise him not when thou art in thy full
 For the relieving of thy
father shall not be forgotten: and instead of sins it shall be added to build
 In the day of thine
affliction it shall be remembered; thy sins also shall melt away, as the ice in
the fair warm weather.
 He that forsaketh his father
is as a blasphemer; and he that angereth his mother is cursed: of God.
 My son, go on with thy
business in meekness; so shalt thou be beloved of him that is approved.
 The greater thou art, the
more humble thyself, and thou shalt find favour before the Lord.
 Many are in high place, and
of renown: but mysteries are revealed unto the meek.
 For the power of the Lord is
great, and he is honoured of the lowly.
 Seek not out things that are
too hard for thee, neither search the things that are above thy strength.
 But what is commanded thee,
think thereupon with reverence, for it is not needful for thee to see with thine
eyes the things that are in secret.
 Be not curious in
unnecessary matters: for more things are shewed unto thee than men understand.
 For many are deceived by
their own vain opinion; and an evil suspicion hath overthrown their judgment.
 Without eyes thou shalt want
light: profess not the knowledge therefore that thou hast not.
 A stubborn heart shall fare
evil at the last; and he that loveth danger shall perish therein.
 An obstinate heart shall be
laden with sorrows; and the wicked man shall heap sin upon sin.
 In the punishment of the
proud there is no remedy; for the plant of wickedness hath taken root in him.
 The heart of the prudent
will understand a parable; and an attentive ear is the desire of a wise man.
 Water will quench a flaming
fire; and alms maketh an atonement for sins.
 And he that requiteth good
turns is mindful of that which may come hereafter; and when he falleth, he shall
find a stay.
My son, defraud not the poor of his living, and make not the needy eyes to wait
 Make not an hungry soul
sorrowful; neither provoke a man in his distress.
 Add not more trouble to an
heart that is vexed; and defer not to give to him that is in need.
 Reject not the supplication
of the afflicted; neither turn away thy face from a poor man.
 Turn not away thine eye from
the needy, and give him none occasion to curse thee:
 For if he curse thee in the
bitterness of his soul, his prayer shall be heard of him that made him.
 Get thyself the love of the
congregation, and bow thy head to a great man.
 Let it not grieve thee to bow
down thine ear to the poor, and give him a friendly answer with meekness.
 Deliver him that suffereth
wrong from the hand of the oppressor; and be not fainthearted when thou sittest
 Be as a father unto the
fatherless, and instead of an husband unto their mother: so shalt thou be as the
son of the most High, and he shall love thee more than thy mother doth.
 Wisdom exalteth her
children, and layeth hold of them that seek her.
 He that loveth her loveth
life; and they that seek to her early shall be filled with joy.
 He that holdeth her fast
shall inherit glory; and wheresoever she entereth, the Lord will bless.
 They that serve her shall
minister to the Holy One: and them that love her the Lord doth love.
 Whoso giveth ear unto her
shall judge the nations: and he that attendeth unto her shall dwell securely.
 If a man commit himself unto
her, he shall inherit her; and his generation shall hold her in possession.
 For at the first she will
walk with him by crooked ways, and bring fear and dread upon him, and torment
him with her discipline, until she may trust his soul, and try him by her laws.
 Then will she return the
straight way unto him, and comfort him, and shew him her secrets.
 But if he go wrong, she will
forsake him, and give him over to his own ruin.
 Observe the opportunity, and
beware of evil; and be not ashamed when it concerneth thy soul.
 For there is a shame that
bringeth sin; and there is a shame which is glory and grace.
 Accept no person against thy
soul, and let not the reverence of any man cause thee to fall.
 And refrain not to speak,
when there is occasion to do good, and hide not thy wisdom in her beauty.
 For by speech wisdom shall
be known: and learning by the word of the tongue.
 In no wise speak against the
truth; but be abashed of the error of thine ignorance.
 Be not ashamed to confess
thy sins; and force not the course of the river.
 Make not thyself an
underling to a foolish man; neither accept the person of the mighty.
 Strive for the truth unto
death, and the Lord shall fight for thee.
 Be not hasty in thy tongue,
and in thy deeds slack and remiss.
 Be not as a lion in thy
house, nor frantick among thy servants.
 Let not thine hand be
stretched out to receive, and shut when thou shouldest repay.
Set thy heart upon thy goods; and say not, I have enough for my life.
 Follow not thine own mind and
thy strength, to walk in the ways of thy heart:
 And say not, Who shall
controul me for my works? for the Lord will surely revenge thy pride.
 Say not, I have sinned, and
what harm hath happened unto me? for the Lord is longsuffering, he will in no
wise let thee go.
 Concerning propitiation, be
not without fear to add sin unto sin:
 And say not His mercy is
great; he will be pacified for the multitude of my sins: for mercy and wrath
come from him, and his indignation resteth upon sinners.
 Make no tarrying to turn to
the Lord, and put not off from day to day: for suddenly shall the wrath of the
Lord come forth, and in thy security thou shalt be destroyed, and perish in the
day of vengeance.
 Set not thine heart upon
goods unjustly gotten, for they shall not profit thee in the day of calamity.
 Winnow not with every wind,
and go not into every way: for so doth the sinner that hath a double tongue.
 Be stedfast in thy
understanding; and let thy word be the same.
 Be swift to hear; and let
thy life be sincere; and with patience give answer.
 If thou hast understanding,
answer thy neighbour; if not, lay thy hand upon thy mouth.
 Honour and shame is in talk:
and the tongue of man is his fall.
 Be not called a whisperer,
and lie not in wait with thy tongue: for a foul shame is upon the thief, and an
evil condemnation upon the double tongue.
 Be not ignorant of any thing
in a great matter or a small.
Instead of a friend become not an enemy; for [thereby] thou shalt inherit an ill
name, shame, and reproach: even so shall a sinner that hath a double tongue.
 Extol not thyself in the
counsel of thine own heart; that thy soul be not torn in pieces as a bull
 Thou shalt eat up thy leaves,
and lose thy fruit, and leave thyself as a dry tree.
 A wicked soul shall destroy
him that hath it, and shall make him to be laughed to scorn of his enemies.
 Sweet language will multiply
friends: and a fairspeaking tongue will increase kind greetings.
 Be in peace with many:
nevertheless have but one counsellor of a thousand.
 If thou wouldest get a
friend, prove him first and be not hasty to credit him.
 For some man is a friend for
his own occasion, and will not abide in the day of thy trouble.
 And there is a friend, who
being turned to enmity, and strife will discover thy reproach.
 Again, some friend is a
companion at the table, and will not continue in the day of thy affliction.
 But in thy prosperity he
will be as thyself, and will be bold over thy servants.
 If thou be brought low, he
will be against thee, and will hide himself from thy face.
 Separate thyself from thine
enemies, and take heed of thy friends.
 A faithfu1l friend is a
strong defence: and he that hath found such an one hath found a treasure.
 Nothing doth countervail a
faithful friend, and his excellency is invaluable.
 A faithful friend is the
medicine of life; and they that fear the Lord shall find him.
 Whoso feareth the Lord shall
direct his friendship aright: for as he is, so shall his neighbour be also.
 My son, gather instruction
from thy youth up: so shalt thou find wisdom till thine old age.
 Come unto her as one that
ploweth and soweth, and wait for her good fruits: for thou shalt not toil much
in labouring about her, but thou shalt eat of her fruits right soon.
 She is very unpleasant to
the unlearned: he that is without understanding will not remain with her.
 She will lie upon him as a
mighty stone of trial; and he will cast her from him ere it be long.
 For wisdom is according to
her name, and she is not manifest unto many.
 Give ear, my son, receive my
advice, and refuse not my counsel,
 And put thy feet into her
fetters, and thy neck into her chain.
 Bow down thy shoulder, and
bear her, and be not grieved with her bonds.
 Come unto her with thy whole
heart, and keep her ways with all thy power.
 Search, and seek, and she
shall be made known unto thee: and when thou hast got hold of her, let her not
 For at the last thou shalt
find her rest, and that shall be turned to thy joy.
 Then shall her fetters be a
strong defence for thee, and her chains a robe of glory.
 For there is a golden
ornament upon her, and her bands are purple lace.
 Thou shalt put her on as a
robe of honour, and shalt put her about thee as a crown of joy.
 My son, if thou wilt, thou
shalt be taught: and if thou wilt apply thy mind, thou shalt be prudent.
 If thou love to hear, thou
shalt receive understanding: and if thou bow thine ear, thou shalt be wise,
 Stand in the multitude of
the elders; and cleave unto him that is wise.
 Be willing to hear every
godly discourse; and let not the parables of understanding escape thee.
 And if thou seest a man of
understanding, get thee betimes unto him, and let thy foot wear the steps of his
 Let thy mind be upon the
ordinances of the Lord and meditate continually in his commandments: he shall
establish thine heart, and give thee wisdom at thine owns desire.
Do no evil, so shall no harm come unto thee.
 Depart from the unjust, and
iniquity shall turn away from thee.
 My son, sow not upon the
furrows of unrighteousness, and thou shalt not reap them sevenfold.
 Seek not of the Lord
preeminence, neither of the king the seat of honour.
 justify not thyself before
the Lord; and boast not of thy wisdom before the king.
 Seek not to be judge, being
not able to take away iniquity; lest at any time thou fear the person of the
mighty, an stumblingblock in the way of thy uprightness.
 Offend not against the
multitude of a city, and then thou shalt not cast thyself down among the people.
 Bind not one sin upon
another; for in one thou shalt not be unpunished.
 Say not, God will look upon
the multitude of my oblations, and when I offer to the most high God, he will
 Be not fainthearted when
thou makest thy prayer, and neglect not to give alms.
 Laugh no man to scorn in the
bitterness of his soul: for there is one which humbleth and exalteth.
 Devise not a lie against thy
brother; neither do the like to thy friend.
 Use not to make any manner
of lie: for the custom thereof is not good.
 Use not many words in a
multitude of elders, and make not much babbling when thou prayest.
 Hate not laborious work,
neither husbandry, which the most High hath ordained.
 Number not thyself among the
multitude of sinners, but remember that wrath will not tarry long.
 Humble thyself greatly: for
the vengeance of the ungodly is fire and worms.
 Change not a friend for any
good by no means; neither a faithful brother for the gold of Ophir.
 Forego not a wise and good
woman: for her grace is above gold.
 Whereas thy servant worketh
truly, entreat him not evil. nor the hireling that bestoweth himself wholly for
 Let thy soul love a good
servant, and defraud him not of liberty.
 Hast thou cattle? have an
eye to them: and if they be for thy profit, keep them with thee.
 Hast thou children? instruct
them, and bow down their neck from their youth.
 Hast thou daughters? have a
care of their body, and shew not thyself cheerful toward them.
 Marry thy daughter, and so
shalt thou have performed a weighty matter: but give her to a man of
 Hast thou a wife after thy
mind? forsake her not: but give not thyself over to a light woman.
 Honour thy father with thy
whole heart, and forget not the sorrows of thy mother.
 Remember that thou wast
begotten of them; and how canst thou recompense them the things that they have
done for thee?
 Fear the Lord with all thy
soul, and reverence his priests.
 Love him that made thee with
all thy strength, and forsake not his ministers.
 Fear the Lord, and honor the
priest; and give him his portion, as it is commanded thee; the firstfruits, and
the trespass offering, and the gift of the shoulders, and the sacrifice of
sanctification, and the firstfruits of the holy things.
 And stretch thine hand unto
the poor, that thy blessing may be perfected.
 A gift hath grace in the
sight of every man living; and for the dead detain it not.
 Fail not to be with them
that weep, and mourn with them that mourn.
 Be not slow to visit the
sick: fir that shall make thee to be beloved.
 Whatsoever thou takest in
hand, remember the end, and thou shalt never do amiss.
Strive not with a mighty man' lest thou fall into his hands.
 Be not at variance with a
rich man, lest he overweigh thee: for gold hath destroyed many, and perverted
the hearts of kings.
 Strive not with a man that is
full of tongue, and heap not wood upon his fire.
 Jest not with a rude man,
lest thy ancestors be disgraced.
 Reproach not a man that
turneth from sin, but remember that we are all worthy of punishment.
 Dishonour not a man in his
old age: for even some of us wax old.
 Rejoice not over thy greatest
enemy being dead, but remember that we die all.
 Despise not the discourse of
the wise, but acquaint thyself with their proverbs: for of them thou shalt learn
instruction, and how to serve great men with ease.
 Miss not the discourse of the
elders: for they also learned of their fathers, and of them thou shalt learn
understanding, and to give answer as need requireth.
 Kindle not the coals of a
sinner, lest thou be burnt with the flame of his fire.
 Rise not up [in anger] at
the presence of an injurious person, lest he lie in wait to entrap thee in thy
 Lend not unto him that is
mightier than thyself; for if thou lendest him, count it but lost.
 Be not surety above thy
power: for if thou be surety, take care to pay it.
 Go not to law with a judge;
for they will judge for him according to his honour.
 Travel not by the way with a
bold fellow, lest he become grievous unto thee: for he will do according to his
own will, and thou shalt perish with him through his folly.
 Strive not with an angry
man, and go not with him into a solitary place: for blood is as nothing in his
sight, and where there is no help, he will overthrow thee.
 Consult not with a fool; for
he cannot keep counsel.
 Do no secret thing before a
stranger; for thou knowest not what he will bring forth.
 Open not thine heart to
every man, lest he requite thee with a shrewd turn.
Be not jealous over the wife of thy bosom, and teach her not an evil lesson
 Give not thy soul unto a
woman to set her foot upon thy substance.
 Meet not with an harlot, lest
thou fall into her snares.
 Use not much the company of a
woman that is a singer, lest thou be taken with her attempts.
 Gaze not on a maid, that thou
fall not by those things that are precious in her.
 Give not thy soul unto
harlots, that thou lose not thine inheritance.
 Look not round about thee in
the streets of the city, neither wander thou in the solitary place thereof.
 Turn away thine eye from a
beautiful woman, and look not upon another's beauty; for many have been deceived
by the beauty of a woman; for herewith love is kindled as a fire.
 Sit not at all with another
man's wife, nor sit down with her in thine arms, and spend not thy money with
her at the wine; lest thine heart incline unto her, and so through thy desire
thou fall into destruction.
 Forsake not an old friend;
for the new is not comparable to him: a new friend is as new wine; when it is
old, thou shalt drink it with pleasure.
 Envy not the glory of a
sinner: for thou knowest not what shall be his end.
 Delight not in the thing
that the ungodly have pleasure in; but remember they shall not go unpunished
unto their grave.
 Keep thee far from the man
that hath power to kill; so shalt thou not doubt the fear of death: and if thou
come unto him, make no fault, lest he take away thy life presently: remember
that thou goest in the midst of snares, and that thou walkest upon the
battlements of the city.
 As near as thou canst, guess
at thy neighbour, and consult with the wise.
 Let thy talk be with the
wise, and all thy communication in the law of the most High.
 And let just men eat and
drink with thee; and let thy glorying be in the fear of the Lord.
 For the hand of the
artificer the work shall be commended: and the wise ruler of the people for his
 A man of an ill tongue is
dangerous in his city; and he that is rash in his talk shall be hated.
A wise judge will instruct his people; and the government of a prudent man is
 As the judge of the people is
himself, so are his officers; and what manner of man the ruler of the city is,
such are all they that dwell therein.
 An unwise king destroyeth his
people; but through the prudence of them which are in authority the city shall
 The power of the earth is in
the hand of the Lord, and in due time he will set over it one that is
 In the hand of God is the
prosperity of man: and upon the person of the scribe shall he lay his honour.
 Bear not hatred to thy
neighbour for every wrong; and do nothing at all by injurious practices.
 Pride is hateful before God
and man: and by both doth one commit iniquity.
 Because of unrighteous
dealings, injuries, and riches got by deceit, the kingdom is translated from one
people to another.
 Why is earth and ashes proud?
There is not a more wicked thing than a covetous man: for such an one setteth
his own soul to sale; because while he liveth he casteth away his bowels.
 The physician cutteth off a
long disease; and he that is to day a king to morrow shall die.
 For when a man is dead, he
shall inherit creeping things, beasts, and worms.
 The beginning of pride is
when one departeth from God, and his heart is turned away from his Maker.
 For pride is the beginning
of sin, and he that hath it shall pour out abomination: and therefore the Lord
brought upon them strange calamities, and overthrew them utterly.
 The Lord hath cast down the
thrones of proud princes, and set up the meek in their stead.
 The Lord hath plucked up the
roots of the proud nations, and planted the lowly in their place.
 The Lord overthrew countries
of the heathen, and destroyed them to the foundations of the earth.
 He took some of them away,
and destroyed them, and hath made their memorial to cease from the earth.
 Pride was not made for men,
nor furious anger for them that are born of a woman.
 They that fear the Lord are
a sure seed, and they that love him an honourable plant: they that regard not
the law are a dishonourable seed; they that transgress the commandments are a
 Among brethren he that is
chief is honorable; so are they that fear the Lord in his eyes.
 The fear of the Lord goeth
before the obtaining of authority: but roughness and pride is the losing
 Whether he be rich, noble,
or poor, their glory is the fear of the Lord.
 It is not meet to despise
the poor man that hath understanding; neither is it convenient to magnify a
 Great men, and judges, and
potentates, shall be honoured; yet is there none of them greater than he that
feareth the Lord.
 Unto the servant that is
wise shall they that are free do service: and he that hath knowledge will not
grudge when he is reformed.
 Be not overwise in doing thy
business; and boast not thyself in the time of thy distress.
 Better is he that laboureth,
and aboundeth in all things, than he that boasteth himself, and wanteth bread.
 My son, glorify thy soul in
meekness, and give it honour according to the dignity thereof.
 Who will justify him that
sinneth against his own soul? and who will honour him that dishonoureth his own
 The poor man is honoured for
his skill, and the rich man is honoured for his riches.
 He that is honoured in
poverty, how much more in riches? and he that is dishonourable in riches, how
much more in poverty?
Wisdom lifteth up the head of him that is of low degree, and maketh him to sit
among great men.
 Commend not a man for his
beauty; neither abhor a man for his outward appearance.
 The bee is little among such
as fly; but her fruit is the chief of sweet things.
 Boast not of thy clothing and
raiment, and exalt not thyself in the day of honour: for the works of the Lord
are wonderful, and his works among men are hidden.
 Many kings have sat down upon
the ground; and one that was never thought of hath worn the crown.
 Many mighty men have been
greatly disgraced; and the honourable delivered into other men's hands.
 Blame not before thou hast
examined the truth: understand first, and then rebuke.
 Answer not before thou hast
heard the cause: neither interrupt men in the midst of their talk.
 Strive not in a matter that
concerneth thee not; and sit not in judgment with sinners.
 My son, meddle not with many
matters: for if thou meddle much, thou shalt not be innocent; and if thou follow
after, thou shalt not obtain, neither shalt thou escape by fleeing.
 There is one that laboureth,
and taketh pains, and maketh haste, and is so much the more behind.
 Again, there is another that
is slow, and hath need of help, wanting ability, and full of poverty; yet the
eye of the Lord looked upon him for good, and set him up from his low estate,
 And lifted up his head from
misery; so that many that saw from him is peace over all the
 Prosperity and adversity,
life and death, poverty and riches, come of the Lord.
 Wisdom, knowledge, and
understanding of the law, are of the Lord: love, and the way of good works, are
 Error and darkness had their
beginning together with sinners: and evil shall wax old with them that glory
 The gift of the Lord
remaineth with the ungodly, and his favour bringeth prosperity for ever.
 There is that waxeth rich by
his wariness and pinching, and this his the portion of his reward:
 Whereas he saith, I have
found rest, and now will eat continually of my goods; and yet he knoweth not
what time shall come upon him, and that he must leave those things to others,
 Be stedfast in thy covenant,
and be conversant therein, and wax old in thy work.
 Marvel not at the works of
sinners; but trust in the Lord, and abide in thy labour: for it is an easy thing
in the sight of the Lord on the sudden to make a poor man rich.
 The blessing of the Lord is
in the reward of the godly, and suddenly he maketh his blessing flourish.
 Say not, What profit is
there of my service? and what good things shall I have hereafter?
 Again, say not, I have
enough, and possess many things, and what evil shall I have hereafter?
 In the day of prosperity
there is a forgetfulness of affliction: and in the day of affliction there is no
more remembrance of prosperity.
 For it is an easy thing unto
the Lord in the day of death to reward a man according to his ways.
 The affliction of an hour
maketh a man forget pleasure: and in his end his deeds shall be discovered.
 Judge none blessed before
his death: for a man shall be known in his children.
 Bring not every man into
thine house: for the deceitful man hath many trains.
 Like as a partridge taken
[and kept] in a cage, so is the heart of the proud; and like as a spy, watcheth
he for thy fall:
 For he lieth in wait, and
turneth good into evil, and in things worthy praise will lay blame upon thee.
 Of a spark of fire a heap of
coals is kindled: and a sinful man layeth wait for blood.
 Take heed of a mischievous
man, for he worketh wickedness; lest he bring upon thee a perpetual blot.
 Receive a stranger into
thine house, and he will disturb thee, and turn thee out of thine own.
When thou wilt do good know to whom thou doest it; so shalt thou be thanked for
 Do good to the godly man, and
thou shalt find a recompence; and if not from him, yet from the most High.
 There can no good come to him
that is always occupied in evil, nor to him that giveth no alms.
 Give to the godly man, and
help not a sinner.
 Do well unto him that is
lowly, but give not to the ungodly: hold back thy bread, and give it not unto
him, lest he overmaster thee thereby: for [else] thou shalt receive twice as
much evil for all the good thou shalt have done unto him.
 For the most High hateth
sinners, and will repay vengeance unto the ungodly, and keepeth them against the
mighty day of their punishment.
 Give unto the good, and help
not the sinner.
 A friend cannot be known in
prosperity: and an enemy cannot be hidden in adversity.
 In the prosperity of a man
enemies will be grieved: but in his adversity even a friend will depart.
 Never trust thine enemy: for
like as iron rusteth, so is his wickedness.
 Though he humble himself,
and go crouching, yet take good heed and beware of him, and thou shalt be unto
him as if thou hadst wiped a lookingglass, and thou shalt know that his rust
hath not been altogether wiped away.
 Set him not by thee, lest,
when he hath overthrown thee, he stand up in thy place; neither let him sit at
thy right hand, lest he seek to take thy seat, and thou at the last remember my
words, and be pricked therewith.
 Who will pity a charmer that
is bitten with a serpent, or any such as come nigh wild beasts?
 So one that goeth to a
sinner, and is defiled with him in his sins, who will pity?
 For a while he will abide
with thee, but if thou begin to fall, he will not tarry.
 An enemy speaketh sweetly
with his lips, but in his heart he imagineth how to throw thee into a pit: he
will weep with his eyes, but if he find opportunity, he will not be satisfied
 If adversity come upon thee,
thou shalt find him there first; and though he pretend to help thee, yet shall
he undermine thee.
 He will shake his head, and
clap his hands, and whisper much, and change his countenance.
He that toucheth pitch shall be defiled therewith; and he that hath fellowship
with a proud man shall be like unto him.
 Burden not thyself above thy
power while thou livest; and have no fellowship with one that is mightier and
richer than thyself: for how agree the kettle and the earthen pot together? for
if the one be smitten against the other, it shall be broken.
 The rich man hath done wrong,
and yet he threateneth withal: the poor is wronged, and he must intreat also.
 If thou be for his profit, he
will use thee: but if thou have nothing, he will forsake thee.
 If thou have any thing, he
will live with thee: yea, he will make thee bare, and will not be sorry for it.
 If he have need of thee, he
will deceive thee, and smile upon thee, and put thee in hope; he will speak thee
fair, and say, What wantest thou?
 And he will shame thee by his
meats, until he have drawn thee dry twice or thrice, and at the last he will
laugh thee to scorn afterward, when he seeth thee, he will forsake thee, and
shake his head at thee.
 Beware that thou be not
deceived and brought down in thy jollity.
 If thou be invited of a
mighty man, withdraw thyself, and so much the more will he invite thee.
 Press thou not upon him,
lest thou be put back; stand not far off, lest thou be forgotten.
 Affect not to be made equal
unto him in talk, and believe not his many words: for with much communication
will he tempt thee, and smiling upon thee will get out thy secrets:
 But cruelly he will lay up
thy words, and will not spare to do thee hurt, and to put thee in prison.
 Observe, and take good heed,
for thou walkest in peril of thy overthrowing: when thou hearest these things,
awake in thy sleep.
 Love the Lord all thy life,
and call upon him for thy salvation.
 Every beast loveth his like,
and every man loveth his neighbor.
 All flesh consorteth
according to kind, and a man will cleave to his like.
 What fellowship hath the
wolf with the lamb? so the sinner with the godly.
 What agreement is there
between the hyena and a dog? and what peace between the rich and the poor?
 As the wild ass is the
lion's prey in the wilderness: so the rich eat up the poor.
 As the proud hate humility:
so doth the rich abhor the poor.
 A rich man beginning to fall
is held up of his friends: but a poor man being down is thrust away by his
 When a rich man is fallen,
he hath many helpers: he speaketh things not to be spoken, and yet men justify
him: the poor man slipped, and yet they rebuked him too; he spake wisely, and
could have no place.
 When a rich man speaketh,
every man holdeth his tongue, and, look, what he saith, they extol it to the
clouds: but if the poor man speak, they say, What fellow is this? and if he
stumble, they will help to overthrow him.
 Riches are good unto him
that hath no sin, and poverty is evil in the mouth of the ungodly.
 The heart of a man changeth
his countenance, whether it be for good or evil: and a merry heart maketh a
 A cheerful countenance is a
token of a heart that is in prosperity; and the finding out of parables is a
wearisome labour of the mind.
Blessed is the man that hath not slipped with his mouth, and is not pricked with
the multitude of sins.
 Blessed is he whose
conscience hath not condemned him, and who is not fallen from his hope in the
 Riches are not comely for a
niggard: and what should an envious man do with money?
 He that gathereth by
defrauding his own soul gathereth for others, that shall spend his goods
 He that is evil to himself,
to whom will he be good? he shall not take pleasure in his goods.
 There is none worse than he
that envieth himself; and this is a recompence of his wickedness.
 And if he doeth good, he
doeth it unwillingly; and at the last he will declare his wickedness.
 The envious man hath a wicked
eye; he turneth away his face, and despiseth men.
 A covetous man's eye is not
satisfied with his portion; and the iniquity of the wicked drieth up his soul.
 A wicked eye envieth [his]
bread, and he is a niggard at his table.
 My son, according to thy
ability do good to thyself, and give the Lord his due offering.
 Remember that death will not
be long in coming, and that the covenant of the grave is not shewed unto thee.
 Do good unto thy friend
before thou die, and according to thy ability stretch out thy hand and give to
 Defraud not thyself of the
good day, and let not the part of a good desire overpass thee.
 Shalt thou not leave thy
travails unto another? and thy labours to be divided by lot?
 Give, and take, and sanctify
thy soul; for there is no seeking of dainties in the grave.
 All flesh waxeth old as a
garment: for the covenant from the beginning is, Thou shalt die the death.
 As of the green leaves on a
thick tree, some fall, and some grow; so is the generation of flesh and blood,
one cometh to an end, and another is born.
 Every work rotteth and
consumeth away, and the worker thereof shall go withal.
 Blessed is the man that doth
meditate good things in wisdom, and that reasoneth of holy things by his
 He that considereth her ways
in his heart shall also have understanding in her secrets.
 Go after her as one that
traceth, and lie in wait in her ways.
 He that prieth in at her
windows shall also hearken at her doors.
 He that doth lodge near her
house shall also fasten a pin in her walls.
 He shall pitch his tent nigh
unto her, and shall lodge in a lodging where good things are.
 He shall set his children
under her shelter, and shall lodge under her branches.
 By her he shall be covered
from heat, and in her glory shall he dwell.
He that feareth the Lord will do good, and he that hath the knowledge of the law
shall obtain her.
 And as a mother shall she
meet him, and receive him as a wife married of a virgin.
 With the bread of
understanding shall she feed him, and give him the water of wisdom to drink.
 He shall be stayed upon her,
and shall not be moved; and shall rely upon her, and shall not be confounded.
 She shall exalt him above his
neighbours, and in the midst of the congregation shall she open his mouth.
 He shall find joy and a crown
of gladness, and she shall cause him to inherit an everlasting name.
 But foolish men shall not
attain unto her, and sinners shall not see her.
 For she is far from pride,
and men that are liars cannot remember her.
 Praise is not seemly in the
mouth of a sinner, for it was not sent him of the Lord.
 For praise shall be uttered
in wisdom, and the Lord will prosper it.
 Say not thou, It is through
the Lord that I fell away: for thou oughtest not to do the things that he
 Say not thou, He hath caused
me to err: for he hath no need of the sinful man.
 The Lord hateth all
abomination; and they that fear God love it not.
 He himself made man from the
beginning, and left him in the hand of his counsel;
 If thou wilt, to keep the
commandments, and to perform acceptable faithfulness.
 He hath set fire and water
before thee: stretch forth thy hand unto whether thou wilt.
 Before man is life and
death; and whether him liketh shall be given him.
 For the wisdom of the Lord
is great, and he is mighty in power, and beholdeth all things:
 And his eyes are upon them
that fear him, and he knoweth every work of man.
 He hath commanded no man to
do wickedly, neither hath he given any man licence to sin.
Desire not a multitude of unprofitable children, neither delight in ungodly
 Though they multiply, rejoice
not in them, except the fear of the Lord be with them.
 Trust not thou in their life,
neither respect their multitude: for one that is just is better than a thousand;
and better it is to die without children, than to have them that are ungodly.
 For by one that hath
understanding shall the city be replenished: but the kindred of the wicked shall
speedily become desolate.
 Many such things have I seen
with mine eyes, and mine ear hath heard greater things than these.
 In the congregation of the
ungodly shall a fire be kindled; and in a rebellious nation wrath is set on
 He was not pacified toward
the old giants, who fell away in the strength of their foolishness.
 Neither spared he the place
where Lot sojourned, but abhorred them for their pride.
 He pitied not the people of
perdition, who were taken away in their sins:
 Nor the six hundred thousand
footmen, who were gathered together in the hardness of their hearts.
 And if there be one
stiffnecked among the people, it is marvel if he escape unpunished: for mercy
and wrath are with him; he is mighty to forgive, and to pour out displeasure.
 As his mercy is great, so is
his correction also: he judgeth a man according to his works
 The sinner shall not escape
with his spoils: and the patience of the godly shall not be frustrate.
 Make way for every work of
mercy: for every man shall find according to his works.
 The Lord hardened Pharaoh,
that he should not know him, that his powerful works might be known to the
 His mercy is manifest to
every creature; and he hath separated his light from the darkness with an
 Say not thou, I will hide
myself from the Lord: shall any remember me from above? I shall not be
remembered among so many people: for what is my soul among such an infinite
number of creatures?
 Behold, the heaven, and the
heaven of heavens, the deep, and the earth, and all that therein is, shall be
moved when he shall visit.
 The mountains also and
foundations of the earth be shaken with trembling, when the Lord looketh upon
 No heart can think upon
these things worthily: and who is able to conceive his ways?
 It is a tempest which no man
can see: for the most part of his works are hid.
 Who can declare the works of
his justice? or who can endure them? for his covenant is afar off, and the trial
of all things is in the end.
 He that wanteth
understanding will think upon vain things: and a foolish man erring imagineth
 by son, hearken unto me, and
learn knowledge, and mark my words with thy heart.
 I will shew forth doctrine
in weight, and declare his knowledge exactly.
 The works of the Lord are
done in judgment from the beginning: and from the time he made them he disposed
the parts thereof.
 He garnished his works for
ever, and in his hand are the chief of them unto all generations: they neither
labour, nor are weary, nor cease from their works.
 None of them hindereth
another, and they shall never disobey his word.
 After this the Lord looked
upon the earth, and filled it with his blessings.
 With all manner of living
things hath he covered the face thereof; and they shall return into it again.
The Lord created man of the earth, and turned him into it again.
 He gave them few days, and a
short time, and power also over the things therein.
 He endued them with strength
by themselves, and made them according to his image,
 And put the fear of man upon
all flesh, and gave him dominion over beasts and fowls.
 They received the use of the
five operations of the Lord, and in the sixth place he imparted them
understanding, and in the seventh speech, an interpreter of the cogitations
 Counsel, and a tongue, and
eyes, ears, and a heart, gave he them to understand.
 Withal he filled them with
the knowledge of understanding, and shewed them good and evil.
 He set his eye upon their
hearts, that he might shew them the greatness of his works.
 He gave them to glory in his
marvellous acts for ever, that they might declare his works with understanding.
 And the elect shall praise
his holy name.
 Beside this he gave them
knowledge, and the law of life for an heritage.
 He made an everlasting
covenant with them, and shewed them his judgments.
 Their eyes saw the majesty
of his glory, and their ears heard his glorious voice.
 And he said unto them,
Beware of all unrighteousness; and he gave every man commandment concerning his
 Their ways are ever before
him, and shall not be hid from his eyes.
 Every man from his youth is
given to evil; neither could they make to themselves fleshy hearts for stony.
 For in the division of the
nations of the whole earth he set a ruler over every people; but Israel is the
 Whom, being his firstborn,
he nourisheth with discipline, and giving him the light of his love doth not
 Therefore all their works
are as the sun before him, and his eyes are continually upon their ways.
 None of their unrighteous
deeds are hid from him, but all their sins are before the Lord
 But the Lord being gracious
and knowing his workmanship, neither left nor forsook them, but spared them.
 The alms of a man is as a
signet with him, and he will keep the good deeds of man as the apple of the eye,
and give repentance to his sons and daughters.
 Afterwards he will rise up
and reward them, and render their recompence upon their heads.
 But unto them that repent,
he granted them return, and comforted those that failed in patience.
 Return unto the Lord, and
forsake thy sins, make thy prayer before his face, and offend less.
 Turn again to the most High,
and turn away from iniquity: for he will lead thee out of darkness into the
light of health, and hate thou abomination vehemently.
 Who shall praise the most
High in the grave, instead of them which live and give thanks?
 Thanksgiving perisheth from
the dead, as from one that is not: the living and sound in heart shall praise
 How great is the
lovingkindness of the Lord our God, and his compassion unto such as turn unto
him in holiness!
 For all things cannot be in
men, because the son of man is not immortal.
 What is brighter than the
sun? yet the light thereof faileth; and flesh and blood will imagine evil.
 He vieweth the power of the
height of heaven; and all men are but earth and ashes.
He that liveth for ever Hath created all things in general.
 The Lord only is righteous,
and there is none other but he,
 Who governeth the world with
the palm of his hand, and all things obey his will: for he is the King of all,
by his power dividing holy things among them from profane.
 To whom hath he given power
to declare his works? and who shall find out his noble acts?
 Who shall number the strength
of his majesty? and who shall also tell out his mercies?
 As for the wondrous works of
the Lord, there may nothing be taken from them, neither may any thing be put
unto them, neither can the ground of them be found out.
 When a man hath done, then he
beginneth; and when he leaveth off, then he shall be doubtful.
 What is man, and whereto
serveth he? what is his good, and what is his evil?
 The number of a man's days at
the most are an hundred years.
 As a drop of water unto the
sea, and a gravelstone in comparison of the sand; so are a thousand years to the
days of eternity.
 Therefore is God patient
with them, and poureth forth his mercy upon them.
 He saw and perceived their
end to be evil; therefore he multiplied his compassion.
 The mercy of man is toward
his neighbour; but the mercy of the Lord is upon all flesh: he reproveth, and
nurtureth, and teacheth and bringeth again, as a shepherd his flock.
 He hath mercy on them that
receive discipline, and that diligently seek after his judgments.
 My son, blemish not thy good
deeds, neither use uncomfortable words when thou givest any thing.
 Shall not the dew asswage
the heat? so is a word better than a gift.
 Lo, is not a word better
than a gift? but both are with a gracious man.
 A fool will upbraid
churlishly, and a gift of the envious consumeth the eyes.
 Learn before thou speak, and
use physick or ever thou be sick.
 Before judgment examine
thyself, and in the day of visitation thou shalt find mercy.
 Humble thyself before thou
be sick, and in the time of sins shew repentance.
 Let nothing hinder thee to
pay thy vow in due time, and defer not until death to be justified.
 Before thou prayest, prepare
thyself; and be not as one that tempteth the Lord.
 Think upon the wrath that
shall be at the end, and the time of vengeance, when he shall turn away his
 When thou hast enough,
remember the time of hunger: and when thou art rich, think upon poverty and
 From the morning until the
evening the time is changed, and all things are soon done before the Lord.
 A wise man will fear in
every thing, and in the day of sinning he will beware of offence: but a fool
will not observe time.
 Every man of understanding
knoweth wisdom, and will give praise unto him that found her.
 They that were of
understanding in sayings became also wise themselves, and poured forth exquisite
 Go not after thy lusts, but
refrain thyself from thine appetites.
 If thou givest thy soul the
desires that please her, she will make thee a laughingstock to thine enemies
that malign thee.
 Take not pleasure in much
good cheer, neither be tied to the expence thereof.
 Be not made a beggar by
banqueting upon borrowing, when thou hast nothing in thy purse: for thou shalt
lie in wait for thine own life, and be talked on.
A labouring man that A is given to drunkenness shall not be rich: and he that
contemneth small things shall fall by little and little.
 Wine and women will make men
of understanding to fall away: and he that cleaveth to harlots will become
 Moths and worms shall have
him to heritage, and a bold man shall be taken away.
 He that is hasty to give
credit is lightminded; and he that sinneth shall offend against his own soul.
 Whoso taketh pleasure in
wickedness shall be condemned: but he that resisteth pleasures crowneth his
 He that can rule his tongue
shall live without strife; and he that hateth babbling shall have less evil.
 Rehearse not unto another
that which is told unto thee, and thou shalt fare never the worse.
 Whether it be to friend or
foe, talk not of other men's lives; and if thou canst without offence, reveal
 For he heard and observed
thee, and when time cometh he will hate thee.
 If thou hast heard a word,
let it die with thee; and be bold, it will not burst thee.
 A fool travaileth with a
word, as a woman in labour of a child.
 As an arrow that sticketh in
a man's thigh, so is a word within a fool's belly.
 Admonish a friend, it may be
he hath not done it: and if he have done it, that he do it no more.
 Admonish thy friend, it may
be he hath not said it: and if he have, that he speak it not again.
 Admonish a friend: for many
times it is a slander, and believe not every tale.
 There is one that slippeth
in his speech, but not from his heart; and who is he that hath not offended with
 Admonish thy neighbour
before thou threaten him; and not being angry, give place to the law of the most
 The fear of the Lord is the
first step to be accepted [of him,] and wisdom obtaineth his love.
 The knowledge of the
commandments of the Lord is the doctrine of life: and they that do things that
please him shall receive the fruit of the tree of immortality.
 The fear of the Lord is all
wisdom; and in all wisdom is the performance of the law, and the knowledge of
 If a servant say to his
master, I will not do as it pleaseth thee; though afterward he do it, he
angereth him that nourisheth him.
 The knowledge of wickedness
is not wisdom, neither at any time the counsel of sinners prudence.
 There is a wickedness, and
the same an abomination; and there is a fool wanting in wisdom.
 He that hath small
understanding, and feareth God, is better than one that hath much wisdom, and
transgresseth the law of the most High.
 There is an exquisite
subtilty, and the same is unjust; and there is one that turneth aside to make
judgment appear; and there is a wise man that justifieth in judgment.
 There is a wicked man that
hangeth down his head sadly; but inwardly he is full of deceit,
 Casting down his
countenance, and making as if he heard not: where he is not known, he will do
thee a mischief before thou be aware.
 And if for want of power he
be hindered from sinning, yet when he findeth opportunity he will do evil.
 A man may be known by his
look, and one that hath understanding by his countenance, when thou meetest him.
 A man's attire, and
excessive laughter, and gait, shew what he is.
There is a reproof that is not comely: again, some man holdeth his tongue, and
he is wise.
 It is much better to reprove,
than to be angry secretly: and he that confesseth his fault shall be preserved
 How good is it, when thou art
reproved, to shew repentance! for so shalt thou escape wilful sin.
 As is the lust of an eunuch
to deflower a virgin; so is he that executeth judgment with violence.
 There is one that keepeth
silence, and is found wise: and another by much babbling becometh hateful.
 Some man holdeth his tongue,
because he hath not to answer: and some keepeth silence, knowing his time.
 A wise man will hold his
tongue till he see opportunity: but a babbler and a fool will regard no time.
 He that useth many words
shall be abhorred; and he that taketh to himself authority therein shall be
 There is a sinner that hath
good success in evil things; and there is a gain that turneth to loss.
 There is a gift that shall
not profit thee; and there is a gift whose recompence is double.
 There is an abasement
because of glory; and there is that lifteth up his head from a low estate.
 There is that buyeth much
for a little, and repayeth it sevenfold.
 A wise man by his words
maketh him beloved: but the graces of fools shall be poured out.
 The gift of a fool shall do
thee no good when thou hast it; neither yet of the envious for his necessity:
for he looketh to receive many things for one.
 He giveth little, and
upbraideth much; he openeth his mouth like a crier; to day he lendeth, and to
morrow will he ask it again: such an one is to be hated of God and man.
 The fool saith, I have no
friends, I have no thank for all my good deeds, and they that eat my bread speak
evil of me.
 How oft, and of how many
shall he be laughed to scorn! for he knoweth not aright what it is to have; and
it is all one unto him as if he had it not.
 To slip upon a pavement is
better than to slip with the tongue: so the fall of the wicked shall come
 An unseasonable tale will
always be in the mouth of the unwise.
 A wise sentence shall be
rejected when it cometh out of a fool's mouth; for he will not speak it in due
 There is that is hindered
from sinning through want: and when he taketh rest, he shall not be troubled.
 There is that destroyeth his
own soul through bashfulness, and by accepting of persons overthroweth himself.
 There is that for
bashfulness promiseth to his friend, and maketh him his enemy for nothing.
 A lie is a foul blot in a
man, yet it is continually in the mouth of the untaught.
 A thief is better than a man
that is accustomed to lie: but they both shall have destruction to heritage.
 The disposition of a liar is
dishonourable, and his shame is ever with him.
 A wise man shall promote
himself to honour with his words: and he that hath understanding will please
 He that tilleth his land
shall increase his heap: and he that pleaseth great men shall get pardon for
 Presents and gifts blind the
eyes of the wise, and stop up his mouth that he cannot reprove.
 Wisdom that is hid, and
treasure that is hoarded up, what profit is in them both?
 Better is he that hideth his
folly than a man that hideth his wisdom.
 Necessary patience in
seeking ing the Lord is better than he that leadeth his life without a guide.
My son, hast thou sinned? do so no more, but ask pardon for thy former sins.
 Flee from sin as from the
face of a serpent: for if thou comest too near it, it will bite thee: the teeth
thereof are as the teeth of a lion, slaying the souls of men.
 All iniquity is as a two
edged sword, the wounds whereof cannot be healed.
 To terrify and do wrong will
waste riches: thus the house of proud men shall be made desolate.
 A prayer out of a poor man's
mouth reacheth to the ears of God, and his judgment cometh speedily.
 He that hateth to be reproved
is in the way of sinners: but he that feareth the Lord will repent from his
 An eloquent man is known far
and near; but a man of understanding knoweth when he slippeth.
 He that buildeth his house
with other men's money is like one that gathereth himself stones for the tomb of
 The congregation of the
wicked is like tow wrapped together: and the end of them is a flame of fire to
 The way of sinners is made
plain with stones, but at the end thereof is the pit of hell.
 He that keepeth the law of
the Lord getteth the understanding thereof: and the perfection of the fear of
the Lord is wisdom.
 He that is not wise will not
be taught: but there is a wisdom which multiplieth bitterness.
 The knowledge of a wise man
shall abound like a flood: and his counsel is like a pure fountain of life.
 The inner parts of a fool
are like a broken vessel, and he will hold no knowledge as long as he liveth.
 If a skilful man hear a wise
word, he will commend it, and add unto it: but as soon as one of no
understanding heareth it, it displeaseth him, and he casteth it behind his back.
 The talking of a fool is
like a burden in the way: but grace shall be found in the lips of the wise.
 They enquire at the mouth of
the wise man in the congregation, and they shall ponder his words in their
 As is a house that is
destroyed, so is wisdom to a fool: and the knowledge of the unwise is as talk
 Doctrine unto fools is as
fetters on the feet, and like manacles on the right hand.
 A fool lifteth up his voice
with laughter; but a wise man doth scarce smile a little.
 Learning is unto a wise man
as an ornament of gold, and like a bracelet upon his right arm.
 A foolish man's foot is soon
in his [neighbour's] house: but a man of experience is ashamed of him.
 A fool will peep in at the
door into the house: but he that is well nurtured will stand without.
 It is the rudeness of a man
to hearken at the door: but a wise man will be grieved with the disgrace.
 The lips of talkers will be
telling such things as pertain not unto them: but the words of such as have
understanding are weighed in the balance.
 The heart of fools is in
their mouth: but the mouth of the wise is in their heart.
 When the ungodly curseth
Satan, he curseth his own soul.
 A whisperer defileth his own
soul, and is hated wheresoever he dwelleth.
A slothful man is compared to a filthy stone, and every one will hiss him out to
 A slothful man is compared to
the filth of a dunghill: every man that takes it up will shake his hand.
 An evilnurtured man is the
dishonour of his father that begat him: and a [foolish] daughter is born to his
 A wise daughter shall bring
an inheritance to her husband: but she that liveth dishonestly is her father's
 She that is bold dishonoureth
both her father and her husband, but they both shall despise her.
 A tale out of season [is as]
musick in mourning: but stripes and correction of wisdom are never out of time.
 Whoso teacheth a fool is as
one that glueth a potsherd together, and as he that waketh one from a sound
 He that telleth a tale to a
fool speaketh to one in a slumber: when he hath told his tale, he will say, What
is the matter?
 If children live honestly,
and have wherewithal, they shall cover the baseness of their parents.
 But children, being haughty,
through disdain and want of nurture do stain the nobility of their kindred.
 Weep for the dead, for he
hath lost the light: and weep for the fool, for he wanteth understanding: make
little weeping for the dead, for he is at rest: but the life of the fool is
worse than death.
 Seven days do men mourn for
him that is dead; but for a fool and an ungodly man all the days of his life.
 Talk not much with a fool,
and go not to him that hath no understanding: beware of him, lest thou have
trouble, and thou shalt never be defiled with his fooleries: depart from him,
and thou shalt find rest, and never be disquieted with madness.
 What is heavier than lead?
and what is the name thereof, but a fool?
 Sand, and salt, and a mass
of iron, is easier to bear, than a man without understanding.
 As timber girt and bound
together in a building cannot be loosed with shaking: so the heart that is
stablished by advised counsel shall fear at no time.
 A heart settled upon a
thought of understanding is as a fair plaistering on the wall of a gallery.
 Pales set on an high place
will never stand against the wind: so a fearful heart in the imagination of a
fool cannot stand against any fear.
 He that pricketh the eye
will make tears to fall: and he that pricketh the heart maketh it to shew her
 Whoso casteth a stone at the
birds frayeth them away: and he that upbraideth his friend breaketh friendship.
 Though thou drewest a sword
at thy friend, yet despair not: for there may be a returning [to favour.]
 If thou hast opened thy
mouth against thy friend, fear not; for there may be a reconciliation: except
for upbraiding, or pride, or disclosing of secrets, or a treacherous wound: for
for these things every friend will depart.
 Be faithful to thy neighbour
in his poverty, that thou mayest rejoice in his prosperity: abide stedfast unto
him in the time of his trouble, that thou mayest be heir with him in his
heritage: for a mean estate is not always to be contemned: nor the rich that is
foolish to be had in admiration.
 As the vapour and smoke of a
furnace goeth before the fire; so reviling before blood.
 I will not be ashamed to
defend a friend; neither will I hide myself from him.
 And if any evil happen unto
me by him, every one that heareth it will beware of him.
 Who shall set a watch before
my mouth, and a seal of wisdom upon my lips, that I fall not suddenly by them,
and that my tongue destroy me not?
O Lord, Father and Governor of all my whole life, leave me not to their
counsels, and let me not fall by them.
 Who will set scourges over my
thoughts, and the discipline of wisdom over mine heart? that they spare me not
for mine ignorances, and it pass not by my sins:
 Lest mine ignorances
increase, and my sins abound to my destruction, and I fall before mine
adversaries, and mine enemy rejoice over me, whose hope is far from thy mercy.
 O Lord, Father and God of my
life, give me not a proud look, but turn away from thy servants always a haughty
 Turn away from me vain hopes
and concupiscence, and thou shalt hold him up that is desirous always to serve
 Let not the greediness of the
belly nor lust of the flesh take hold of me; and give not over me thy servant
into an impudent mind.
 Hear, O ye children, the
discipline of the mouth: he that keepeth it shall never be taken in his lips.
 The sinner shall be left in
his foolishness: both the evil speaker and the proud shall fall thereby.
 Accustom not thy mouth to
swearing; neither use thyself to the naming of the Holy One.
 For as a servant that is
continually beaten shall not be without a blue mark: so he that sweareth and
nameth God continually shall not be faultless.
 A man that useth much
swearing shall be filled with iniquity, and the plague shall never depart from
his house: if he shall offend, his sin shall be upon him: and if he acknowledge
not his sin, he maketh a double offence: and if he swear in vain, he shall not
be innocent, but his house shall be full of calamities.
 There is a word that is
clothed about with death: God grant that it be not found in the heritage of
Jacob; for all such things shall be far from the godly, and they shall not
wallow in their sins.
 Use not thy mouth to
intemperate swearing, for therein is the word of sin.
 Remember thy father and thy
mother, when thou sittest among great men. Be not forgetful before them, and so
thou by thy custom become a fool, and wish that thou hadst not been born, and
curse they day of thy nativity.
 The man that is accustomed
to opprobrious words will never be reformed all the days of his life.
 Two sorts of men multiply
sin, and the third will bring wrath: a hot mind is as a burning fire, it will
never be quenched till it be consumed: a fornicator in the body of his flesh
will never cease till he hath kindled a fire.
 All bread is sweet to a
whoremonger, he will not leave off till he die.
 A man that breaketh wedlock,
saying thus in his heart, Who seeth me? I am compassed about with darkness, the
walls cover me, and no body seeth me; what need I to fear? the most High will
not remember my sins:
 Such a man only feareth the
eyes of men, and knoweth not that the eyes of the Lord are ten thousand times
brighter than the sun, beholding all the ways of men, and considering the most
 He knew all things ere ever
they were created; so also after they were perfected he looked upon them all.
 This man shall be punished
in the streets of the city, and where he suspecteth not he shall be taken.
 Thus shall it go also with
the wife that leaveth her husband, and bringeth in an heir by another.
 For first, she hath
disobeyed the law of the most High; and secondly, she hath trespassed against
her own husband; and thirdly, she hath played the whore in adultery, and brought
children by another man.
 She shall be brought out
into the congregation, and inquisition shall be made of her children.
 Her children shall not take
root, and her branches shall bring forth no fruit.
 She shall leave her memory
to be cursed, and her reproach shall not be blotted out.
 And they that remain shall
know that there is nothing better than the fear of the Lord, and that there is
nothing sweeter than to take heed unto the commandments of the Lord.
 It is great glory to follow
the Lord, and to be received of him is long life.
Wisdom shall praise herself, and shall glory in the midst of her people.
 In the congregation of the
most High shall she open her mouth, and triumph before his power.
 I came out of the mouth of
the most High, and covered the earth as a cloud.
 I dwelt in high places, and
my throne is in a cloudy pillar.
 I alone compassed the circuit
of heaven, and walked in the bottom of the deep.
 In the waves of the sea and
in all the earth, and in every people and nation, I got a possession.
 With all these I sought rest:
and in whose inheritance shall I abide?
 So the Creator of all things
gave me a commandment, and he that made me caused my tabernacle to rest, and
said, Let thy dwelling be in Jacob, and thine inheritance in Israel.
 He created me from the
beginning before the world, and I shall never fail.
 In the holy tabernacle I
served before him; and so was I established in Sion.
 Likewise in the beloved city
he gave me rest, and in Jerusalem was my power.
 And I took root in an
honourable people, even in the portion of the Lord's inheritance.
 I was exalted like a cedar
in Libanus, and as a cypress tree upon the mountains of Hermon.
 I was exalted like a palm
tree in En-gaddi, and as a rose plant in Jericho, as a fair olive tree in a
pleasant field, and grew up as a plane tree by the water.
 I gave a sweet smell like
cinnamon and aspalathus, and I yielded a pleasant odour like the best myrrh, as
galbanum, and onyx, and sweet storax, and as the fume of frankincense in the
 As the turpentine tree I
stretched out my branches, and my branches are the branches of honour and grace.
 As the vine brought I forth
pleasant savour, and my flowers are the fruit of honour and riches.
 I am the mother of fair
love, and fear, and knowledge, and holy hope: I therefore, being eternal, am
given to all my children which are named of him.
 Come unto me, all ye that be
desirous of me, and fill yourselves with my fruits.
 For my memorial is sweeter
than honey, and mine inheritance than the honeycomb.
 They that eat me shall yet
be hungry, and they that drink me shall yet be thirsty.
 He that obeyeth me shall
never be confounded, and they that work by me shall not do amiss.
 All these things are the
book of the covenant of the most high God, even the law which Moses commanded
for an heritage unto the congregations of Jacob.
 Faint not to be strong in
the Lord; that he may confirm you, cleave unto him: for the Lord Almighty is God
alone, and beside him there is no other Saviour.
 He filleth all things with
his wisdom, as Phison and as Tigris in the time of the new fruits.
 He maketh the understanding
to abound like Euphrates, and as Jordan in the time of the harvest.
 He maketh the doctrine of
knowledge appear as the light, and as Geon in the time of vintage.
 The first man knew her not
perfectly: no more shall the last find her out.
 For her thoughts are more
than the sea, and her counsels profounder than the great deep.
 I also came out as a brook
from a river, and as a conduit into a garden.
 I said, I will water my best
garden, and will water abundantly my garden bed: and, lo, my brook became a
river, and my river became a sea.
 I will yet make doctrine to
shine as the morning, and will send forth her light afar off.
 I will yet pour out doctrine
as prophecy, and leave it to all ages for ever.
 Behold that I have not
laboured for myself only, but for all them that seek wisdom.
In three things I was beautified, and stood up beautiful both before God and
men: the unity of brethren, the love of neighbours, a man and a wife that agree
 Three sorts of men my soul
hateth, and I am greatly offended at their life: a poor man that is proud, a
rich man that is a liar, and an old adulterer that doateth.
 If thou hast gathered nothing
in thy youth, how canst thou find any thing in thine age?
 O how comely a thing is
judgment for gray hairs, and for ancient men to know counsel!
 O how comely is the wisdom of
old men, and understanding and counsel to men of honour.
 Much experience is the crown
of old men, and the fear of God is their glory.
 There be nine things which I
have judged in mine heart to be happy, and the tenth I will utter with my
tongue: A man that hath joy of his children; and he that liveth to see the fall
of his enemy:
 Well is him that dwelleth
with a wife of understanding, and that hath not slipped with his tongue, and
that hath not served a man more unworthy than himself:
 Well is him that hath found
prudence, and he that speaketh in the ears of them that will hear:
 O how great is he that
findeth wisdom! yet is there none above him that feareth the Lord.
 But the love of the Lord
passeth all things for illumination: he that holdeth it, whereto shall he be
 The fear of the Lord is the
beginning of his love: and faith is the beginning of cleaving unto him.
 [Give me] any plague, but
the plague of the heart: and any wickedness, but the wickedness of a woman:
 And any affliction, but the
affliction from them that hate me: and any revenge, but the revenge of enemies.
 There is no head above the
head of a serpent; and there is no wrath above the wrath of an enemy.
 I had rather dwell with a
lion and a dragon, than to keep house with a wicked woman.
 The wickedness of a woman
changeth her face, and darkeneth her countenance like sackcloth.
 Her husband shall sit among
his neighbours; and when he heareth it shall sigh bitterly.
 All wickedness is but little
to the wickedness of a woman: let the portion of a sinner fall upon her.
 As the climbing up a sandy
way is to the feet of the aged, so is a wife full of words to a quiet man.
 Stumble not at the beauty of
a woman, and desire her not for pleasure.
 A woman, if she maintain her
husband, is full of anger, impudence, and much reproach.
 A wicked woman abateth the
courage, maketh an heavy countenance and a wounded heart: a woman that will not
comfort her husband in distress maketh weak hands and feeble knees.
 Of the woman came the
beginning of sin, and through her we all die.
 Give the water no passage;
neither a wicked woman liberty to gad abroad.
 If she go not as thou
wouldest have her, cut her off from thy flesh, and give her a bill of divorce,
and let her go.
Blessed is the man that hath a virtuous wife, for the number of his days shall
 A virtuous woman rejoiceth
her husband, and he shall fulfil the years of his life in peace.
 A good wife is a good
portion, which shall be given in the portion of them that fear the Lord.
 Whether a man be rich or
poor, if he have a good heart toward the Lord, he shall at all times rejoice
with a cheerful countenance.
 There be three things that
mine heart feareth; and for the fourth I was sore afraid: the slander of a city,
the gathering together of an unruly multitude, and a false accusation: all these
are worse than death.
 But a grief of heart and
sorrow is a woman that is jealous over another woman, and a scourge of the
tongue which communicateth with all.
 An evil wife is a yoke shaken
to and fro: he that hath hold of her is as though he held a scorpion.
 A drunken woman and a gadder
abroad causeth great anger, and she will not cover her own shame.
 The whoredom of a woman may
be known in her haughty looks and eyelids.
 If thy daughter be
shameless, keep her in straitly, lest she abuse herself through overmuch
 Watch over an impudent eye:
and marvel not if she trespass against thee.
 She will open her mouth, as
a thirsty traveller when he hath found a fountain, and drink of every water near
her: by every hedge will she sit down, and open her quiver against every arrow.
 The grace of a wife
delighteth her husband, and her discretion will fatten his bones.
 A silent and loving woman is
a gift of the Lord; and there is nothing so much worth as a mind well
 A shamefaced and faithful
woman is a double grace, and her continent mind cannot be valued.
 As the sun when it ariseth
in the high heaven; so is the beauty of a good wife in the ordering of her
 As the clear light is upon
the holy candlestick; so is the beauty of the face in ripe age.
 As the golden pillars are
upon the sockets of silver; so are the fair feet with a constant heart.
 My son, keep the flower of
thine age sound; and give not thy strength to strangers.
 When thou hast gotten a
fruitful possession through all the field, sow it with thine own seed, trusting
in the goodness of thy stock.
 So thy race which thou
leavest shall be magnified, having the confidence of their good descent.
 An harlot shall be accounted
as spittle; but a married woman is a tower against death to her husband.
 A wicked woman is given as a
portion to a wicked man: but a godly woman is given to him that feareth the
 A dishonest woman contemneth
shame: but an honest woman will reverence her husband.
 A shameless woman shall be
counted as a dog; but she that is shamefaced will fear the Lord.
 A woman that honoureth her
husband shall be judged wise of all; but she that dishonoureth him in her pride
shall be counted ungodly of all.
 A loud crying woman and a
scold shall be sought out to drive away the enemies.
 There be two things that
grieve my heart; and the third maketh me angry: a man of war that suffereth
poverty; and men of understanding that are not set by; and one that returneth
from righteousness to sin; the Lord prepareth such an one for the sword.
 A merchant shall hardly keep
himself from doing wrong; and an huckster shall not be freed from sin.
Many have sinned for a small matter; and he that seeketh for abundance will turn
his eyes away.
 As a nail sticketh fast
between the joinings of the stones; so doth sin stick close between buying and
 Unless a man hold himself
diligently in the fear of the Lord, his house shall soon be overthrown.
 As when one sifteth with a
sieve, the refuse remaineth; so the filth of man in his talk.
 The furnace proveth the
potter's vessels; so the trial of man is in his reasoning.
 The fruit declareth if the
tree have been dressed; so is the utterance of a conceit in the heart of man.
 Praise no man before thou
hearest him speak; for this is the trial of men.
 If thou followest
righteousness, thou shalt obtain her, and put her on, as a glorious long robe.
 The birds will resort unto
their like; so will truth return unto them that practise in her.
 As the lion lieth in wait
for the prey; so sin for them that work iniquity.
 The discourse of a godly man
is always with wisdom; but a fool changeth as the moon.
 If thou be among the
indiscreet, observe the time; but be continually among men of understanding.
 The discourse of fools is
irksome, and their sport is the wantonness of sin.
 The talk of him that
sweareth much maketh the hair stand upright; and their brawls make one stop his
 The strife of the proud is
bloodshedding, and their revilings are grievous to the ear.
 Whoso discovereth secrets
loseth his credit; and shall never find friend to his mind.
 Love thy friend, and be
faithful unto him: but if thou betrayest his secrets, follow no more after him.
 For as a man hath destroyed
his enemy; so hast thou lost the love of thy neighbor.
 As one that letteth a bird
go out of his hand, so hast thou let thy neighbour go, and shalt not get him
 Follow after him no more,
for he is too far off; he is as a roe escaped out of the snare.
 As for a wound, it may be
bound up; and after reviling there may be reconcilement: but he that betrayeth
secrets is without hope.
 He that winketh with the
eyes worketh evil: and he that knoweth him will depart from him.
 When thou art present, he
will speak sweetly, and will admire thy words: but at the last he will writhe
his mouth, and slander thy sayings.
 I have hated many things,
but nothing like him; for the Lord will hate him.
 Whoso casteth a stone on
high casteth it on his own head; and a deceitful stroke shall make wounds.
 Whoso diggeth a pit shall
fall therein: and he that setteth a trap shall be taken therein.
 He that worketh mischief, it
shall fall upon him, and he shall not know whence it cometh.
 Mockery and reproach are
from the proud; but vengeance, as a lion, shall lie in wait for them.
 They that rejoice at the
fall of the righteous shall be taken in the snare; and anguish shall consume
them before they die.
 Malice and wrath, even these
are abominations; and the sinful man shall have them both.
He that revengeth shall find vengeance from the Lord, and he will surely keep
his sins [in remembrance.]
 Forgive thy neighbour the
hurt that he hath done unto thee, so shall thy sins also be forgiven when thou
 One man beareth hatred
against another, and doth he seek pardon from the Lord?
 He sheweth no mercy to a man,
which is like himself: and doth he ask forgiveness of his own sins?
 If he that is but flesh
nourish hatred, who will intreat for pardon of his sins?
 Remember thy end, and let
enmity cease; [remember] corruption and death, and abide in the commandments.
 Remember the commandments,
and bear no malice to thy neighbour: [remember] the covenant of the Highest, and
wink at ignorance.
 Abstain from strife, and thou
shalt diminish thy sins: for a furious man will kindle strife,
 A sinful man disquieteth
friends, and maketh debate among them that be at peace.
 As the matter of the fire
is, so it burneth: and as a man's strength is, so is his wrath; and according to
his riches his anger riseth; and the stronger they are which contend, the more
they will be inflamed.
 An hasty contention kindleth
a fire: and an hasty fighting sheddeth blood.
 If thou blow the spark, it
shall burn: if thou spit upon it, it shall be quenched: and both these come out
of thy mouth.
 Curse the whisperer and
doubletongued: for such have destroyed many that were at peace.
 A backbiting tongue hath
disquieted many, and driven them from nation to nation: strong cities hath it
pulled down, and overthrown the houses of great men.
 A backbiting tongue hath
cast out virtuous women, and deprived them of their labours.
 Whoso hearkeneth unto it
shall never find rest, and never dwell quietly.
 The stroke of the whip
maketh marks in the flesh: but the stroke of the tongue breaketh the bones.
 Many have fallen by the edge
of the sword: but not so many as have fallen by the tongue.
 Well is he that is defended
through the venom thereof; who hath not drawn the yoke thereof, nor hath been
bound in her bands.
 For the yoke thereof is a
yoke of iron, and the bands thereof are bands of brass.
 The death thereof is an evil
death, the grave were better than it.
 It shall not have rule over
them that fear God, neither shall they be burned with the flame thereof.
 Such as forsake the Lord
shall fall into it; and it shall burn in them, and not be quenched; it shall be
sent upon them as a lion, and devour them as a leopard.
 Look that thou hedge thy
possession about with thorns, and bind up thy silver and gold,
 And weigh thy words in a
balance, and make a door and bar for thy mouth.
 Beware thou slide not by it,
lest thou fall before him that lieth in wait.
He that is merciful will lend unto his neighbour; and he that strengtheneth his
hand keepeth the commandments.
 Lend to thy neighbour in time
of his need, and pay thou thy neighbour again in due season.
 Keep thy word, and deal
faithfully with him, and thou shalt always find the thing that is necessary for
 Many, when a thing was lent
them, reckoned it to be found, and put them to trouble that helped them.
 Till he hath received, he
will kiss a man's hand; and for his neighbour's money he will speak submissly:
but when he should repay, he will prolong the time, and return words of grief,
and complain of the time.
 If he prevail, he shall
hardly receive the half, and he will count as if he had found it: if not, he
hath deprived him of his money, and he hath gotten him an enemy without cause:
he payeth him with cursings and railings; and for honour he will pay him
 Many therefore have refused
to lend for other men's ill dealing, fearing to be defrauded.
 Yet have thou patience with a
man in poor estate, and delay not to shew him mercy.
 Help the poor for the
commandment's sake, and turn him not away because of his poverty.
 Lose thy money for thy
brother and thy friend, and let it not rust under a stone to be lost.
 Lay up thy treasure
according to the commandments of the most High, and it shall bring thee more
profit than gold.
 Shut up alms in thy
storehouses: and it shall deliver thee from all affliction.
 It shall fight for thee
against thine enemies better than a mighty shield and strong spear.
 An honest man is surety for
his neighbour: but he that is impudent will forsake him.
 Forget not the friendship of
thy surety, for he hath given his life for thee.
 A sinner will overthrow the
good estate of his surety:
 And he that is of an
unthankful mind will leave him [in danger] that delivered him.
 Suretiship hath undone many
of good estate, and shaken them as a wave of the sea: mighty men hath it driven
from their houses, so that they wandered among strange nations.
 A wicked man transgressing
the commandments of the Lord shall fall into suretiship: and he that undertaketh
and followeth other men's business for gain shall fall into suits.
 Help thy neighbour according
to thy power, and beware that thou thyself fall not into the same.
 The chief thing for life is
water, and bread, and clothing, and an house to cover shame.
 Better is the life of a poor
man in a mean cottage, than delicate fare in another man's house.
 Be it little or much, hold
thee contented, that thou hear not the reproach of thy house.
 For it is a miserable life
to go from house to house: for where thou art a stranger, thou darest not open
 Thou shalt entertain, and
feast, and have no thanks: moreover thou shalt hear bitter words:
 Come, thou stranger, and
furnish a table, and feed me of that thou hast ready.
 Give place, thou stranger,
to an honourable man; my brother cometh to be lodged, and I have need of mine
 These things are grievous to
a man of understanding; the upbraiding of houseroom, and reproaching of the
He that loveth his son causeth him oft to feel the rod, that he may have joy of
him in the end.
 He that chastiseth his son
shall have joy in him, and shall rejoice of him among his acquaintance.
 He that teacheth his son
grieveth the enemy: and before his friends he shall rejoice of him.
 Though his father die, yet he
is as though he were not dead: for he hath left one behind him that is like
 While he lived, he saw and
rejoiced in him: and when he died, he was not sorrowful.
 He left behind him an avenger
against his enemies, and one that shall requite kindness to his friends.
 He that maketh too much of
his son shall bind up his wounds; and his bowels will be troubled at every cry.
 An horse not broken becometh
headstrong: and a child left to himself will be wilful.
 Cocker thy child, and he
shall make thee afraid: play with him, and he will bring thee to heaviness.
 Laugh not with him, lest
thou have sorrow with him, and lest thou gnash thy teeth in the end.
 Give him no liberty in his
youth, and wink not at his follies.
 Bow down his neck while he
is young, and beat him on the sides while he is a child, lest he wax stubborn,
and be disobedient unto thee, and so bring sorrow to thine heart.
 Chastise thy son, and hold
him to labour, lest his lewd behaviour be an offence unto thee.
 Better is the poor, being
sound and strong of constitution, than a rich man that is afflicted in his body.
 Health and good estate of
body are above all gold, and a strong body above infinite wealth.
 There is no riches above a
sound body, and no joy above the joy of the heart.
 Death is better than a
bitter life or continual sickness.
 Delicates poured upon a
mouth shut up are as messes of meat set upon a grave.
 What good doeth the offering
unto an idol? for neither can it eat nor smell: so is he that is persecuted of
 He seeth with his eyes and
groaneth, as an eunuch that embraceth a virgin and sigheth.
 Give not over thy mind to
heaviness, and afflict not thyself in thine own counsel.
 The gladness of the heart is
the life of man, and the joyfulness of a man prolongeth his days.
 Love thine own soul, and
comfort thy heart, remove sorrow far from thee: for sorrow hath killed many, and
there is no profit therein.
 Envy and wrath shorten the
life, and carefulness bringeth age before the time.
 A cheerful and good heart
will have a care of his meat and diet.
Watching for riches consumeth the flesh, and the care thereof driveth away
 Watching care will not let a
man slumber, as a sore disease breaketh sleep,
 The rich hath great labour in
gathering riches together; and when he resteth, he is filled with his delicates.
 The poor laboureth in his
poor estate; and when he leaveth off, he is still needy.
 He that loveth gold shall not
be justified, and he that followeth corruption shall have enough thereof.
 Gold hath been the ruin of
many, and their destruction was present.
 It is a stumblingblock unto
them that sacrifice unto it, and every fool shall be taken therewith.
 Blessed is the rich that is
found without blemish, and hath not gone after gold.
 Who is he? and we will call
him blessed: for wonderful things hath he done among his people.
 Who hath been tried thereby,
and found perfect? then let him glory. Who might offend, and hath not offended?
or done evil, and hath not done it?
 His goods shall be
established, and the congregation shall declare his alms.
 If thou sit at a bountiful
table, be not greedy upon it, and say not, There is much meat on it.
 Remember that a wicked eye
is an evil thing: and what is created more wicked than an eye? therefore it
weepeth upon every occasion.
 Stretch not thine hand
whithersoever it looketh, and thrust it not with him into the dish.
 Judge not thy neighbour by
thyself: and be discreet in every point.
 Eat as it becometh a man,
those things which are set before thee; and devour note, lest thou be hated.
 Leave off first for manners'
sake; and be not unsatiable, lest thou offend.
 When thou sittest among
many, reach not thine hand out first of all.
 A very little is sufficient
for a man well nurtured, and he fetcheth not his wind short upon his bed.
 Sound sleep cometh of
moderate eating: he riseth early, and his wits are with him: but the pain of
watching, and choler, and pangs of the belly, are with an unsatiable man.
 And if thou hast been forced
to eat, arise, go forth, vomit, and thou shalt have rest.
 My son, hear me, and despise
me not, and at the last thou shalt find as I told thee: in all thy works be
quick, so shall there no sickness come unto thee.
 Whoso is liberal of his
meat, men shall speak well of him; and the report of his good housekeeping will
 But against him that is a
niggard of his meat the whole city shall murmur; and the testimonies of his
niggardness shall not be doubted of.
 Shew not thy valiantness in
wine; for wine hath destroyed many.
 The furnace proveth the edge
by dipping: so doth wine the hearts of the proud by drunkeness.
 Wine is as good as life to a
man, if it be drunk moderately: what life is then to a man that is without wine?
for it was made to make men glad.
 Wine measurably drunk and in
season bringeth gladness of the heart, and cheerfulness of the mind:
 But wine drunken with excess
maketh bitterness of the mind, with brawling and quarrelling.
 Drunkenness increaseth the
rage of a fool till he offend: it diminisheth strength, and maketh wounds.
 Rebuke not thy neighbour at
the wine, and despise him not in his mirth: give him no despiteful words, and
press not upon him with urging him [to drink.]
If thou be made the master [of a feast,] lift not thyself up, but be among them
as one of the rest; take diligent care for them, and so sit down.
 And when thou hast done all
thy office, take thy place, that thou mayest be merry with them, and receive a
crown for thy well ordering of the feast.
 Speak, thou that art the
elder, for it becometh thee, but with sound judgment; and hinder not musick.
 Pour not out words where
there is a musician, and shew not forth wisdom out of time.
 A concert of musick in a
banquet of wine is as a signet of carbuncle set in gold.
 As a signet of an emerald set
in a work of gold, so is the melody of musick with pleasant wine.
 Speak, young man, if there be
need of thee: and yet scarcely when thou art twice asked.
 Let thy speech be short,
comprehending much in few words; be as one that knoweth and yet holdeth his
 If thou be among great men,
make not thyself equal with them; and when ancient men are in place, use not
 Before the thunder goeth
lightning; and before a shamefaced man shall go favour.
 Rise up betimes, and be not
the last; but get thee home without delay.
 There take thy pastime, and
do what thou wilt: but sin not by proud speech.
 And for these things bless
him that made thee, and hath replenished thee with his good things.
 Whoso feareth the Lord will
receive his discipline; and they that seek him early shall find favour.
 He that seeketh the law
shall be filled therewith: but the hypocrite will be offended thereat.
 They that fear the Lord
shall find judgment, and shall kindle justice as a light.
 A sinful man will not be
reproved, but findeth an excuse according to his will.
 A man of counsel will be
considerate; but a strange and proud man is not daunted with fear, even when of
himself he hath done without counsel.
 Do nothing without advice;
and when thou hast once done, repent not.
 Go not in a way wherein thou
mayest fall, and stumble not among the stones.
 Be not confident in a plain
 And beware of thine own
 In every good work trust thy
own soul; for this is the keeping of the commandments.
 He that believeth in the
Lord taketh heed to the commandment; and he that trusteth in him shall fare
never the worse.
There shall no evil happen unto him that feareth the Lord; but in temptation
even again he will deliver him.
 A wise man hateth not the
law; but he that is an hypocrite therein is as a ship in a storm.
 A man of understanding
trusteth in the law; and the law is faithful unto him, as an oracle.
 Prepare what to say, and so
thou shalt be heard: and bind up instruction, and then make answer.
 The heart of the foolish is
like a cartwheel; and his thoughts are like a rolling axletree.
 A stallion horse is as a
mocking friend, he neigheth under every one that sitteth upon him.
 Why doth one day excel
another, when as all the light of every day in the year is of the sun?
 By the knowledge of the Lord
they were distinguished: and he altered seasons and feasts.
 Some of them hath he made
high days, and hallowed them, and some of them hath he made ordinary days.
 And all men are from the
ground, and Adam was created of earth:
 In much knowledge the Lord
hath divided them, and made their ways diverse.
 Some of them hath he blessed
and exalted and some of them he sanctified, and set near himself: but some of
them hath he cursed and brought low, and turned out of their places.
 As the clay is in the
potter's hand, to fashion it at his pleasure: so man is in the hand of him that
made him, to render to them as liketh him best.
 Good is set against evil,
and life against death: so is the godly against the sinner, and the sinner
against the godly.
 So look upon all the works
of the most High; and there are two and two, one against another.
 I awaked up last of all, as
one that gathereth after the grapegatherers: by the blessing of the Lord I
profited, and tred my winepress like a gatherer of grapes.
 Consider that I laboured not
for myself only, but for all them that seek learning.
 Hear me, O ye great men of
the people, and hearken with your ears, ye rulers of the congregation.
 Give not thy son and wife,
thy brother and friend, power over thee while thou livest, and give not thy
goods to another: lest it repent thee, and thou intreat for the same again.
 As long as thou livest and
hast breath in thee, give not thyself over to any.
 For better it is that thy
children should seek to thee, than that thou shouldest stand to their courtesy.
 In all thy works keep to
thyself the preeminence; leave not a stain in thine honour.
 At the time when thou shalt
end thy days, and finish thy life, distribute thine inheritance.
 Fodder, a wand, and burdens,
are for the ass; and bread, correction, and work, for a servant.
 If thou set thy servant to
labour, thou shalt find rest: but if thou let him go idle, he shall seek
 A yoke and a collar do bow
the neck: so are tortures and torments for an evil servant.
 Send him to labour, that he
be not idle; for idleness teacheth much evil.
 Set him to work, as is fit
for him: if he be not obedient, put on more heavy fetters.
 But be not excessive toward
any; and without discretion do nothing.
 If thou have a servant, let
him be unto thee as thyself, because thou hast bought him with a price.
 If thou have a servant,
entreat him as a brother: for thou hast need of him, as of thine own soul: if
thou entreat him evil, and he run from thee, which way wilt thou go to seek him?
The hopes of a man void of understanding are vain and false: and dreams lift up
 Whoso regardeth dreams is
like him that catcheth at a shadow, and followeth after the wind.
 The vision of dreams is the
resemblance of one thing to another, even as the likeness of a face to a face.
 Of an unclean thing what can
be cleansed? and from that thing which is false what truth can come?
 Divinations, and soothsayings,
and dreams, are vain: and the heart fancieth, as a woman's heart in travail.
 If they be not sent from the
most High in thy visitation, set not thy heart upon them.
 For dreams have deceived
many, and they have failed that put their trust in them.
 The law shall be found
perfect without lies: and wisdom is perfection to a faithful mouth.
 A man that hath travelled
knoweth many things; and he that hath much experience will declare wisdom.
 He that hath no experience
knoweth little: but he that hath travelled is full of prudence.
 When I travelled, I saw many
things; and I understand more than I can express.
 I was ofttimes in danger of
death: yet I was delivered because of these things.
 The spirit of those that
fear the Lord shall live; for their hope is in him that saveth them.
 Whoso feareth the Lord shall
not fear nor be afraid; for he is his hope.
 Blessed is the soul of him
that feareth the Lord: to whom doth he look? and who is his strength?
 For the eyes of the Lord are
upon them that love him, he is their mighty protection and strong stay, a
defence from heat, and a cover from the sun at noon, a preservation from
stumbling, and an help from falling.
 He raiseth up the soul, and
lighteneth the eyes: he giveth health, life, and blessing.
 He that sacrificeth of a
thing wrongfully gotten, his offering is ridiculous; and the gifts of unjust men
are not accepted.
 The most High is not pleased
with the offerings of the wicked; neither is he pacified for sin by the
multitude of sacrifices.
 Whoso bringeth an offering
of the goods of the poor doeth as one that killeth the son before his father's
 The bread of the needy is
their life: he that defraudeth him thereof is a man of blood.
 He that taketh away his
neighbour's living slayeth him; and he that defraudeth the labourer of his hire
is a bloodshedder.
 When one buildeth, and
another pulleth down, what profit have they then but labour?
 When one prayeth, and
another curseth, whose voice will the Lord hear?
 He that washeth himself
after the touching of a dead body, if he touch it again, what availeth his
 So is it with a man that
fasteth for his sins, and goeth again, and doeth the same: who will hear his
prayer? or what doth his humbling profit him?
He that keepeth the law bringeth offerings enough: he that taketh heed to the
commandment offereth a peace offering.
 He that requiteth a goodturn
offereth fine flour; and he that giveth alms sacrificeth praise.
 To depart from wickedness is
a thing pleasing to the Lord; and to forsake unrighteousness is a propitiation.
 Thou shalt not appear empty
before the Lord.
 For all these things [are to
be done] because of the commandment.
 The offering of the righteous
maketh the altar fat, and the sweet savour thereof is before the most High.
 The sacrifice of a just man
is acceptable. and the memorial thereof shall never be forgotten.
 Give the Lord his honour with
a good eye, and diminish not the firstfruits of thine hands.
 In all thy gifts shew a
cheerful countenance, and dedicate thy tithes with gladness.
 Give unto the most High
according as he hath enriched thee; and as thou hast gotten, give with a
 For the Lord recompenseth,
and will give thee seven times as much.
 Do not think to corrupt with
gifts; for such he will not receive: and trust not to unrighteous sacrifices;
for the Lord is judge, and with him is no respect of persons.
 He will not accept any
person against a poor man, but will hear the prayer of the oppressed.
 He will not despise the
supplication of the fatherless; nor the widow, when she poureth out her
 Do not the tears run down
the widow's cheeks? and is not her cry against him that causeth them to fall?
 He that serveth the Lord
shall be accepted with favour, and his prayer shall reach unto the clouds.
 The prayer of the humble
pierceth the clouds: and till it come nigh, he will not be comforted; and will
not depart, till the most High shall behold to judge righteously, and execute
 For the Lord will not be
slack, neither will the Mighty be patient toward them, till he have smitten in
sunder the loins of the unmerciful, and repayed vengeance to the heathen; till
he have taken away the multitude of the proud, and broken the sceptre of the
 Till he have rendered to
every man according to his deeds, and to the works of men according to their
devices; till he have judged the cause of his people, and made them to rejoice
in his mercy.
 Mercy is seasonable in the
time of affliction, as clouds of rain in the time of drought.
Have mercy upon us, O Lord God of all, and behold us:
 And send thy fear upon all
the nations that seek not after thee.
 Lift up thy hand against the
strange nations, and let them see thy power.
 As thou wast sanctified in us
before them: so be thou magnified among them before us.
 And let them know thee, as we
have known thee, that there is no God but only thou, O God.
 Shew new signs, and make
other strange wonders: glorify thy hand and thy right arm, that they may set
forth thy wondrous works.
 Raise up indignation, and
pour out wrath: take away the adversary, and destroy the enemy.
 Sake the time short, remember
the covenant, and let them declare thy wonderful works.
 Let him that escapeth be
consumed by the rage of the fire; and let them perish that oppress the people.
 Smite in sunder the heads of
the rulers of the heathen, that say, There is none other but we.
 Gather all the tribes of
Jacob together, and inherit thou them, as from the beginning.
 O Lord, have mercy upon the
people that is called by thy name, and upon Israel, whom thou hast named thy
 O be merciful unto
Jerusalem, thy holy city, the place of thy rest.
 Fill Sion with thine
unspeakable oracles, and thy people with thy glory:
 Give testimony unto those
that thou hast possessed from the beginning, and raise up prophets that have
been in thy name.
 Reward them that wait for
thee, and let thy prophets be found faithful.
 O Lord, hear the prayer of
thy servants, according to the blessing of Aaron over thy people, that all they
which dwell upon the earth may know that thou art the Lord, the eternal God.
 The belly devoureth all
meats, yet is one meat better than another.
 As the palate tasteth divers
kinds of venison: so doth an heart of understanding false speeches.
 A froward heart causeth
heaviness: but a man of experience will recompense him.
 A woman will receive every
man, yet is one daughter better than another.
 The beauty of a woman
cheereth the countenance, and a man loveth nothing better.
 If there be kindness,
meekness, and comfort, in her tongue, then is not her husband like other men.
 He that getteth a wife
beginneth a possession, a help like unto himself, and a pillar of rest.
 Where no hedge is, there the
possession is spoiled: and he that hath no wife will wander up and down
 Who will trust a thief well
appointed, that skippeth from city to city? so [who will believe] a man that
hath no house, and lodgeth wheresoever the night taketh him?
Every friend saith, I am his friend also: but there is a friend, which is only a
friend in name.
 Is it not a grief unto death,
when a companion and friend is turned to an enemy?
 O wicked imagination, whence
camest thou in to cover the earth with deceit?
 There is a companion, which
rejoiceth in the prosperity of a friend, but in the time of trouble will be
 There is a companion, which
helpeth his friend for the belly, and taketh up the buckler against the enemy.
 Forget not thy friend in thy
mind, and be not unmindful of him in thy riches.
 Every counsellor extolleth
counsel; but there is some that counselleth for himself.
 Beware of a counsellor, and
know before what need he hath; for he will counsel for himself; lest he cast the
lot upon thee,
 And say unto thee, Thy way is
good: and afterward he stand on the other side, to see what shall befall thee.
 Consult not with one that
suspecteth thee: and hide thy counsel from such as envy thee.
 Neither consult with a woman
touching her of whom she is jealous; neither with a coward in matters of war;
nor with a merchant concerning exchange; nor with a buyer of selling; nor with
an envious man of thankfulness; nor with an unmerciful man touching kindness;
nor with the slothful for any work; nor with an hireling for a year of finishing
work; nor with an idle servant of much business: hearken not unto these in any
matter of counsel.
 But be continually with a
godly man, whom thou knowest to keep the commandments of the Lord, whose, mind
is according to thy mind, and will sorrow with thee, if thou shalt miscarry.
 And let the counsel of thine
own heart stand: for there is no man more faithful unto thee than it.
 For a man's mind is sometime
wont to tell him more than seven watchmen, that sit above in an high tower.
 And above all this pray to
the most High, that he will direct thy way in truth.
 Let reason go before every
enterprize, and counsel before every action.
 The countenance is a sign of
changing of the heart.
 Four manner of things
appear: good and evil, life and death: but the tongue ruleth over them
 There is one that is wise
and teacheth many, and yet is unprofitable to himself.
 There is one that sheweth
wisdom in words, and is hated: he shall be destitute of all food.
 For grace is not given, him
from the Lord, because he is deprived of all wisdom.
 Another is wise to himself;
and the fruits of understanding are commendable in his mouth.
 A wise man instructeth his
people; and the fruits of his understanding fail not.
 A wise man shall be filled
with blessing; and all they that see him shall count him happy.
 The days of the life of man
may be numbered: but the days of Israel are innumerable.
 A wise man shall inherit
glory among his people, and his name shall be perpetual.
 My son, prove thy soul in
thy life, and see what is evil for it, and give not that unto it.
 For all things are not
profitable for all men, neither hath every soul pleasure in every thing.
 Be not unsatiable in any
dainty thing, nor too greedy upon meats:
 For excess of meats bringeth
sickness, and surfeiting will turn into choler.
 By surfeiting have many
perished; but he that taketh heed prolongeth his life.
Honour a physician with the honour due unto him for the uses which ye may have
of him: for the Lord hath created him.
 For of the most High cometh
healing, and he shall receive honour of the king.
 The skill of the physician
shall lift up his head: and in the sight of great men he shall be in admiration.
 The Lord hath created
medicines out of the earth; and he that is wise will not abhor them.
 Was not the water made sweet
with wood, that the virtue thereof might be known?
 And he hath given men skill,
that he might be honoured in his marvellous works.
 With such doth he heal [men,]
and taketh away their pains.
 Of such doth the apothecary
make a confection; and of his works there is no end; and from him is peace over
all the earth,
 My son, in thy sickness be
not negligent: but pray unto the Lord, and he will make thee whole.
 Leave off from sin, and
order thine hands aright, and cleanse thy heart from all wickedness.
 Give a sweet savour, and a
memorial of fine flour; and make a fat offering, as not being.
 Then give place to the
physician, for the Lord hath created him: let him not go from thee, for thou
hast need of him.
 There is a time when in
their hands there is good success.
 For they shall also pray
unto the Lord, that he would prosper that, which they give for ease and remedy
to prolong life.
 He that sinneth before his
Maker, let him fall into the hand of the physician.
 My son, let tears fall down
over the dead, and begin to lament, as if thou hadst suffered great harm
thyself; and then cover his body according to the custom, and neglect not his
 Weep bitterly, and make
great moan, and use lamentation, as he is worthy, and that a day or two, lest
thou be evil spoken of: and then comfort thyself for thy heaviness.
 For of heaviness cometh
death, and the heaviness of the heart breaketh strength.
 In affliction also sorrow
remaineth: and the life of the poor is the curse of the heart.
 Take no heaviness to heart:
drive it away, and member the last end.
 Forget it not, for there is
no turning again: thou shalt not do him good, but hurt thyself.
 Remember my judgment: for
thine also shall be so; yesterday for me, and to day for thee.
 When the dead is at rest,
let his remembrance rest; and be comforted for him, when his Spirit is departed
 The wisdom of a learned man
cometh by opportunity of leisure: and he that hath little business shall become
 How can he get wisdom that
holdeth the plough, and that glorieth in the goad, that driveth oxen, and is
occupied in their labours, and whose talk is of bullocks?
 He giveth his mind to make
furrows; and is diligent to give the kine fodder.
 So every carpenter and
workmaster, that laboureth night and day: and they that cut and grave seals, and
are diligent to make great variety, and give themselves to counterfeit imagery,
and watch to finish a work:
 The smith also sitting by
the anvil, and considering the iron work, the vapour of the fire wasteth his
flesh, and he fighteth with the heat of the furnace: the noise of the hammer and
the anvil is ever in his ears, and his eyes look still upon the pattern of the
thing that he maketh; he setteth his mind to finish his work, and watcheth to
polish it perfectly:
 So doth the potter sitting
at his work, and turning the wheel about with his feet, who is alway carefully
set at his work, and maketh all his work by number;
 He fashioneth the clay with
his arm, and boweth down his strength before his feet; he applieth himself to
lead it over; and he is diligent to make clean the furnace:
 All these trust to their
hands: and every one is wise in his work.
 Without these cannot a city
be inhabited: and they shall not dwell where they will, nor go up and down:
 They shall not be sought for
in publick counsel, nor sit high in the congregation: they shall not sit on the
judges' seat, nor understand the sentence of judgment: they cannot declare
justice and judgment; and they shall not be found where parables are spoken.
 But they will maintain the
state of the world, and [all] their desire is in the work of their craft.
But he that giveth his mind to the law of the most High, and is occupied in the
meditation thereof, will seek out the wisdom of all the ancient, and be occupied
 He will keep the sayings of
the renowned men: and where subtil parables are, he will be there also.
 He will seek out the secrets
of grave sentences, and be conversant in dark parables.
 He shall serve among great
men, and appear before princes: he will travel through strange countries; for he
hath tried the good and the evil among men.
 He will give his heart to
resort early to the Lord that made him, and will pray before the most High, and
will open his mouth in prayer, and make supplication for his sins.
 When the great Lord will, he
shall be filled with the spirit of understanding: he shall pour out wise
sentences, and give thanks unto the Lord in his prayer.
 He shall direct his counsel
and knowledge, and in his secrets shall he meditate.
 He shall shew forth that
which he hath learned, and shall glory in the law of the covenant of the Lord.
 Many shall commend his
understanding; and so long as the world endureth, it shall not be blotted out;
his memorial shall not depart away, and his name shall live from generation to
 Nations shall shew forth his
wisdom, and the congregation shall declare his praise.
 If he die, he shall leave a
greater name than a thousand: and if he live, he shall increase it.
 Yet have I more to say,
which I have thought upon; for I am filled as the moon at the full.
 Hearken unto me, ye holy
children, and bud forth as a rose growing by the brook of the field:
 And give ye a sweet savour
as frankincense, and flourish as a lily, send forth a smell, and sing a song of
praise, bless the Lord in all his works.
 Magnify his name, and shew
forth his praise with the songs of your lips, and with harps, and in praising
him ye shall say after this manner:
 All the works of the Lord
are exceeding good, and whatsoever he commandeth shall be accomplished in due
 And none may say, What is
this? wherefore is that? for at time convenient they shall all be sought out: at
his commandment the waters stood as an heap, and at the words of his mouth the
receptacles of waters.
 At his commandment is done
whatsoever pleaseth him; and none can hinder, when he will save.
 The works of all flesh are
before him, and nothing can be hid from his eyes.
 He seeth from everlasting to
everlasting; and there is nothing wonderful before him.
 A man need not to say, What
is this? wherefore is that? for he hath made all things for their uses.
 His blessing covered the dry
land as a river, and watered it as a flood.
 As he hath turned the waters
into saltness: so shall the heathen inherit his wrath.
 As his ways are plain unto
the holy; so are they stumblingblocks unto the wicked.
 For the good are good things
created from the beginning: so evil things for sinners.
 The principal things for the
whole use of man's life are water, fire, iron, and salt, flour of wheat, honey,
milk, and the blood of the grape, and oil, and clothing.
 All these things are for
good to the godly: so to the sinners they are turned into evil.
 There be spirits that are
created for vengeance, which in their fury lay on sore strokes; in the time of
destruction they pour out their force, and appease the wrath of him that made
 Fire, and hail, and famine,
and death, all these were created for vengeance;
 Teeth of wild beasts, and
scorpions, serpents, and the sword punishing the wicked to destruction.
 They shall rejoice in his
commandment, and they shall be ready upon earth, when need is; and when their
time is come, they shall not transgress his word.
 Therefore from the beginning
I was resolved, and thought upon these things, and have left them in writing.
 All the works of the Lord
are good: and he will give every needful thing in due season.
 So that a man cannot say,
This is worse than that: for in time they shall all be well approved.
 And therefore praise ye the
Lord with the whole heart and mouth, and bless the name of the Lord.
Great travail is created for every man, and an heavy yoke is upon the sons of
Adam, from the day that they go out of their mother's womb, till the day that
they return to the mother of all things.
 Their imagination of things
to come, and the day of death, [trouble] their thoughts, and [cause] fear of
 From him that sitteth on a
throne of glory, unto him that is humbled in earth and ashes;
 From him that weareth purple
and a crown, unto him that is clothed with a linen frock.
 Wrath, and envy, trouble, and
unquietness, fear of death, and anger, and strife, and in the time of rest upon
his bed his night sleep, do change his knowledge.
 A little or nothing is his
rest, and afterward he is in his sleep, as in a day of keeping watch, troubled
in the vision of his heart, as if he were escaped out of a battle.
 When all is safe, he awaketh,
and marvelleth that the fear was nothing.
 [Such things happen] unto all
flesh, both man and beast, and that is sevenfold more upon sinners.
 Death, and bloodshed, strife,
and sword, calamities, famine, tribulation, and the scourge;
 These things are created for
the wicked, and for their sakes came the flood.
 All things that are of the
earth shall turn to the earth again: and that which is of the waters doth return
into the sea.
 All bribery and injustice
shall be blotted out: but true dealing shall endure for ever.
 The goods of the unjust
shall be dried up like a river, and shall vanish with noise, like a great
thunder in rain.
 While he openeth his hand he
shall rejoice: so shall transgressors come to nought.
 The children of the ungodly
shall not bring forth many branches: but are as unclean roots upon a hard rock.
 The weed growing upon every
water and bank of a river shall be pulled up before all grass.
 Bountifulness is as a most
fruitful garden, and mercifulness endureth for ever.
 To labour, and to be content
with that a man hath, is a sweet life: but he that findeth a treasure is above
 Children and the building of
a city continue a man's name: but a blameless wife is counted above them both.
 Wine and musick rejoice the
heart: but the love of wisdom is above them both.
 The pipe and the psaltery
make sweet melody: but a pleasant tongue is above them both.
 Thine eye desireth favour
and beauty: but more than both corn while it is green.
 A friend and companion never
meet amiss: but above both is a wife with her husband.
 Brethren and help are
against time of trouble: but alms shall deliver more than them both.
 Gold and silver make the
foot stand sure: but counsel is esteemed above them both.
 Riches and strength lift up
the heart: but the fear of the Lord is above them both: there is no want in the
fear of the Lord, and it needeth not to seek help.
 The fear of the Lord is a
fruitful garden, and covereth him above all glory.
 My son, lead not a beggar's
life; for better it is to die than to beg.
 The life of him that
dependeth on another man's table is not to be counted for a life; for he
polluteth himself with other men's meat: but a wise man well nurtured will
 Begging is sweet in the
mouth of the shameless: but in his belly there shall burn a fire.
O death, how bitter is the remembrance of thee to a man that liveth at rest in
his possessions, unto the man that hath nothing to vex him, and that hath
prosperity in all things: yea, unto him that is yet able to receive meat!
 O death, acceptable is thy
sentence unto the needy, and unto him whose strength faileth, that is now in the
last age, and is vexed with all things, and to him that despaireth, and hath
 Fear not the sentence of
death, remember them that have been before thee, and that come after; for this
is the sentence of the Lord over all flesh.
 And why art thou against the
pleasure of the most High? there is no inquisition in the grave, whether thou
have lived ten, or an hundred, or a thousand years.
 The children of sinners are
abominable children, and they that are conversant in the dwelling of the
 The inheritance of sinners'
children shall perish, and their posterity shall have a perpetual reproach.
 The children will complain of
an ungodly father, because they shall be reproached for his sake.
 Woe be unto you, ungodly men,
which have forsaken the law of the most high God! for if ye increase, it shall
be to your destruction:
 And if ye be born, ye shall
be born to a curse: and if ye die, a curse shall be your portion.
 All that are of the earth
shall turn to earth again: so the ungodly shall go from a curse to destruction.
 The mourning of men is about
their bodies: but an ill name of sinners shall be blotted out.
 Have regard to thy name; for
that shall continue with thee above a thousand great treasures of gold.
 A good life hath but few
days: but a good name endureth for ever.
 My children, keep discipline
in peace: for wisdom that is hid, and a treasure that is not seen, what profit
is in them both?
 A man that hideth his
foolishness is better than a man that hideth his wisdom.
 Therefore be shamefaced
according to my word: for it is not good to retain all shamefacedness; neither
is it altogether approved in every thing.
 Be ashamed of whoredom
before father and mother: and of a lie before a prince and a mighty man;
 Of an offence before a judge
and ruler; of iniquity before a congregation and people; of unjust dealing
before thy partner and friend;
 And of theft in regard of
the place where thou sojournest, and in regard of the truth of God and his
covenant; and to lean with thine elbow upon the meat; and of scorning to give
 And of silence before them
that salute thee; and to look upon an harlot;
 And to turn away thy face
from thy kinsman; or to take away a portion or a gift; or to gaze upon another
 Or to be overbusy with his
maid, and come not near her bed; or of upbraiding speeches before friends; and
after thou hast given, upbraid not;
 Or of iterating and speaking
again that which thou hast heard; and of revealing of secrets.
 So shalt thou be truly
shamefaced and find favour before all men.
Of these things be not thou ashamed, and accept no person to sin thereby:
 Of the law of the most High,
and his covenant; and of judgment to justify the ungodly;
 Of reckoning with thy
partners and travellers; or of the gift of the heritage of friends;
 Of exactness of balance and
weights; or of getting much or little;
 And of merchants' indifferent
selling; of much correction of children; and to make the side of an evil servant
 Sure keeping is good, where
an evil wife is; and shut up, where many hands are.
 Deliver all things in number
and weight; and put all in writing that thou givest out, or receivest in.
 Be not ashamed to inform the
unwise and foolish, and the extreme aged that contendeth with those that are
young: thus shalt thou be truly learned, and approved of all men living.
 The father waketh for the
daughter, when no man knoweth; and the care for her taketh away sleep: when she
is young, lest she pass away the flower of her age; and being married, lest she
should be hated:
 In her virginity, lest she
should be defiled and gotten with child in her father's house; and having an
husband, lest she should misbehave herself; and when she is married, lest she
should be barren.
 Keep a sure watch over a
shameless daughter, lest she make thee a laughingstock to thine enemies, and a
byword in the city, and a reproach among the people, and make thee ashamed
before the multitude.
 Behold not every body's
beauty, and sit not in the midst of women.
 For from garments cometh a
moth, and from women wickedness.
 Better is the churlishness
of a man than a courteous woman, a woman, I say, which bringeth shame and
 I will now remember the
works of the Lord, and declare the things that I have seen: In the words of the
Lord are his works.
 The sun that giveth light
looketh upon all things, and the work thereof is full of the glory of the Lord.
 The Lord hath not given
power to the saints to declare all his marvellous works, which the Almighty Lord
firmly settled, that whatsoever is might be established for his glory.
 He seeketh out the deep, and
the heart, and considereth their crafty devices: for the Lord knoweth all that
may be known, and he beholdeth the signs of the world.
 He declareth the things that
are past, and for to come, and revealeth the steps of hidden things.
 No thought escapeth him,
neither any word is hidden from him.
 He hath garnished the
excellent works of his wisdom, and he is from everlasting to everlasting: unto
him may nothing be added, neither can he be diminished, and he hath no need of
 Oh how desirable are all his
works! and that a man may see even to a spark.
 All these things live and
remain for ever for all uses, and they are all obedient.
 All things are double one
against another: and he hath made nothing imperfect.
 One thing establisheth the
good or another: and who shall be filled with beholding his glory?
The pride of the height, the clear firmament, the beauty of heaven, with his
 The sun when it appeareth,
declaring at his rising a marvellous instrument, the work of the most High:
 At noon it parcheth the
country, and who can abide the burning heat thereof?
 A man blowing a furnace is in
works of heat, but the sun burneth the mountains three times more; breathing out
fiery vapours, and sending forth bright beams, it dimmeth the eyes.
 Great is the Lord that made
it; and at his commandment runneth hastily.
 He made the moon also to
serve in her season for a declaration of times, and a sign of the world.
 From the moon is the sign of
feasts, a light that decreaseth in her perfection.
 The month is called after her
name, increasing wonderfully in her changing, being an instrument of the armies
above, shining in the firmament of heaven;
 The beauty of heaven, the
glory of the stars, an ornament giving light in the highest places of the Lord.
 At the commandment of the
Holy One they will stand in their order, and never faint in their watches.
 Look upon the rainbow, and
praise him that made it; very beautiful it is in the brightness thereof.
 It compasseth the heaven
about with a glorious circle, and the hands of the most High have bended it.
 By his commandment he maketh
the snow to fall aplace, and sendeth swiftly the lightnings of his judgment.
 Through this the treasures
are opened: and clouds fly forth as fowls.
 By his great power he maketh
the clouds firm, and the hailstones are broken small.
 At his sight the mountains
are shaken, and at his will the south wind bloweth.
 The noise of the thunder
maketh the earth to tremble: so doth the northern storm and the whirlwind: as
birds flying he scattereth the snow, and the falling down thereof is as the
lighting of grasshoppers:
 The eye marvelleth at the
beauty of the whiteness thereof, and the heart is astonished at the raining of
 The hoarfrost also as salt
he poureth on the earth, and being congealed, it lieth on the top of sharp
 When the cold north wind
bloweth, and the water is congealed into ice, it abideth upon every gathering
together of water, and clotheth the water as with a breastplate.
 It devoureth the mountains,
and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the grass as fire.
 A present remedy of all is a
mist coming speedily, a dew coming after heat refresheth.
 By his counsel he appeaseth
the deep, and planteth islands therein.
 They that sail on the sea
tell of the danger thereof; and when we hear it with our ears, we marvel
 For therein be strange and
wondrous works, variety of all kinds of beasts and whales created.
 By him the end of them hath
prosperous success, and by his word all things consist.
 We may speak much, and yet
come short: wherefore in sum, he is all.
 How shall we be able to
magnify him? for he is great above all his works.
 The Lord is terrible and
very great, and marvellous is his power.
 When ye glorify the Lord,
exalt him as much as ye can; for even yet will he far exceed: and when ye exalt
him, put forth all your strength, and be not weary; for ye can never go far
 Who hath seen him, that he
might tell us? and who can magnify him as he is?
 There are yet hid greater
things than these be, for we have seen but a few of his works.
 For the Lord hath made all
things; and to the godly hath he given wisdom.
Let us now praise famous men, and our fathers that begat us.
 The Lord hath wrought great
glory by them through his great power from the beginning.
 Such as did bear rule in
their kingdoms, men renowned for their power, giving counsel by their
understanding, and declaring prophecies:
 Leaders of the people by
their counsels, and by their knowledge of learning meet for the people, wise and
eloquent are their instructions:
 Such as found out musical
tunes, and recited verses in writing:
 Rich men furnished with
ability, living peaceably in their habitations:
 All these were honoured in
their generations, and were the glory of their times.
 There be of them, that have
left a name behind them, that their praises might be reported.
 And some there be, which have
no memorial; who are perished, as though they had never been; and are become as
though they had never been born; and their children after them.
 But these were merciful men,
whose righteousness hath not been forgotten.
 With their seed shall
continually remain a good inheritance, and their children are within the
 Their seed standeth fast,
and their children for their sakes.
 Their seed shall remain for
ever, and their glory shall not be blotted out.
 Their bodies are buried in
peace; but their name liveth for evermore.
 The people will tell of
their wisdom, and the congregation will shew forth their praise.
 Enoch pleased the Lord, and
was translated, being an example of repentance to all generations.
 Noah was found perfect and
righteous; in the time of wrath he was taken in exchange [for the world;]
therefore was he left as a remnant unto the earth, when the flood came.
 An everlasting covenant was
made with him, that all flesh should perish no more by the flood.
 Abraham was a great father
of many people: in glory was there none like unto him;
 Who kept the law of the most
High, and was in covenant with him: he established the covenant in his flesh;
and when he was proved, he was found faithful.
 Therefore he assured him by
an oath, that he would bless the nations in his seed, and that he would multiply
him as the dust of the earth, and exalt his seed as the stars, and cause them to
inherit from sea to sea, and from the river unto the utmost part of the land.
 With Isaac did he establish
likewise [for Abraham his father's sake] the blessing of all men, and the
covenant, And made it rest upon the head of Jacob. He acknowledged him in his
blessing, and gave him an heritage, and divided his portions; among the twelve
tribes did he part them.
And he brought out of him a merciful man, which found favour in the sight of all
flesh, even Moses, beloved of God and men, whose memorial is blessed.
 He made him like to the
glorious saints, and magnified him, so that his enemies stood in fear of him.
 By his words he caused the
wonders to cease, and he made him glorious in the sight of kings, and gave him a
commandment for his people, and shewed him part of his glory.
 He sanctified him in his
faithfuless and meekness, and chose him out of all men.
 He made him to hear his
voice, and brought him into the dark cloud, and gave him commandments before his
face, even the law of life and knowledge, that he might teach Jacob his
covenants, and Israel his judgments.
 He exalted Aaron, an holy man
like unto him, even his brother, of the tribe of Levi.
 An everlasting covenant he
made with him and gave him the priesthood among the people; he beautified him
with comely ornaments, and clothed him with a robe of glory.
 He put upon him perfect
glory; and strengthened him with rich garments, with breeches, with a long robe,
and the ephod.
 And he compassed him with
pomegranates, and with many golden bells round about, that as he went there
might be a sound, and a noise made that might be heard in the temple, for a
memorial to the children of his people;
 With an holy garment, with
gold, and blue silk, and purple, the work of the embroidere, with a breastplate
of judgment, and with Urim and Thummim;
 With twisted scarlet, the
work of the cunning workman, with precious stones graven like seals, and set in
gold, the work of the jeweller, with a writing engraved for a memorial, after
the number of the tribes of Israel.
 He set a crown of gold upon
the mitre, wherein was engraved Holiness, an ornament of honour, a costly work,
the desires of the eyes, goodly and beautiful.
 Before him there were none
such, neither did ever any stranger put them on, but only his children and his
children's children perpetually.
 Their sacrifices shall be
wholly consumed every day twice continually.
 Moses consecrated him, and
anointed him with holy oil: this was appointed unto him by an everlasting
covenant, and to his seed, so long as the heavens should remain, that they
should minister unto him, and execute the office of the priesthood, and bless
the people in his name.
 He chose him out of all men
living to offer sacrifices to the Lord, incense, and a sweet savour, for a
memorial, to make reconciliation for his people.
 He gave unto him his
commandments, and authority in the statutes of judgments, that he should teach
Jacob the testimonies, and inform Israel in his laws.
 Strangers conspired together
against him, and maligned him in the wilderness, even the men that were of
Dathan's and Abiron's side, and the congregation of Core, with fury and wrath.
 This the Lord saw, and it
displeased him, and in his wrathful indignation were they consumed: he did
wonders upon them, to consume them with the fiery flame.
 But he made Aaron more
honourable, and gave him an heritage, and divided unto him the firstfruits of
the increase; especially he prepared bread in abundance:
 For they eat of the
sacrifices of the Lord, which he gave unto him and his seed.
 Howbeit in the land of the
people he had no inheritance, neither had he any portion among the people: for
the Lord himself is his portion and inheritance.
 The third in glory is
Phinees the son of Eleazar, because he had zeal in the fear of the Lord, and
stood up with good courage of heart: when the people were turned back, and made
reconciliation for Israel.
 Therefore was there a
covenant of peace made with him, that he should be the chief of the sanctuary
and of his people, and that he and his posterity should have the dignity of the
priesthood for ever:
 According to the covenant
made with David son of Jesse, of the tribe of Juda, that the inheritance of the
king should be to his posterity alone: so the inheritance of Aaron should also
be unto his seed.
 God give you wisdom in your
heart to judge his people in righteousness, that their good things be not
abolished, and that their glory may endure for ever.
Jesus the son a Nave was valiant in the wars, and was the successor of Moses in
prophecies, who according to his name was made great for the saving of the elect
of God, and taking vengeance of the enemies that rose up against them, that he
might set Israel in their inheritance.
 How great glory gat he, when
he did lift up his hands, and stretched out his sword against the cities!
 Who before him so stood to
it? for the Lord himself brought his enemies unto him.
 Did not the sun go back by
his means? and was not one day as long as two?
 He called upon the most high
Lord, when the enemies pressed upon him on every side; and the great Lord heard
 And with hailstones of mighty
power he made the battle to fall violently upon the nations, and in the descent
[of Beth-horon] he destroyed them that resisted, that the nations might know all
their strength, because he fought in the sight of the Lord, and he followed the
 In the time of Moses also he
did a work of mercy, he and Caleb the son of Jephunne, in that they withstood
the congregation, and withheld the people from sin, and appeased the wicked
 And of six hundred thousand
people on foot, they two were preserved to bring them in to the heritage, even
unto the land that floweth with milk and honey.
 The Lord gave strength also
unto Caleb, which remained with him unto his old age: so that he entered upon
the high places of the land, and his seed obtained it for an heritage:
 That all the children of
Israel might see that it is good to follow the Lord.
 And concerning the judges,
every one by name, whose heart went not a whoring, nor departed from the Lord,
let their memory be blessed.
 Let their bones flourish out
of their place, and let the name of them that were honoured be continued upon
 Samuel, the prophet of the
Lord, beloved of his Lord, established a kingdom, and anointed princes over his
 By the law of the Lord he
judged the congregation, and the Lord had respect unto Jacob.
 By his faithfulness he was
found a true prophet, and by his word he was known to be faithful in vision.
 He called upon the mighty
Lord, when his enemies pressed upon him on every side, when he offered the
 And the Lord thundered from
heaven, and with a great noise made his voice to be heard.
 And he destroyed the rulers
of the Tyrians, and all the princes cf the Philistines.
 And before his long sleep he
made protestations in the sight of the Lord and his anointed, I have not taken
any man's goods, so much as a shoe: and no man did accuse him.
 And after his death he
prophesied, and shewed the king his end, and lifted up his voice from the earth
in prophecy, to blot out the wickedness of the people.
And after him rose up Nathan to prophesy in the time of David.
 As is the fat taken away from
the peace offering, so was David chosen out of the children of Israel.
 He played with lions as with
kids, and with bears as with lambs.
 Slew he not a giant, when he
was yet but young? and did he not take away reproach from the people, when he
lifted up his hand with the stone in the sling, and beat down the boasting of
 For he called upon the most
high Lord; and he gave him strength in his right hand to slay that mighty
warrior, and set up the horn of his people.
 So the people honoured him
with ten thousands, and praised him in the blessings of the Lord, in that he
gave him a crown of glory.
 For he destroyed the enemies
on every side, and brought to nought the Philistines his adversaries, and brake
their horn in sunder unto this day.
 In all his works he praised
the Holy One most high with words of glory; with his whole heart he sung songs,
and loved him that made him.
 He set singers also before
the altar, that by their voices they might make sweet melody, and daily sing
praises in their songs.
 He beautified their feasts,
and set in order the solemn times until the end, that they might praise his holy
name, and that the temple might sound from morning.
 The Lord took away his sins,
and exalted his horn for ever: he gave him a covenant of kings, and a throne of
glory in Israel.
 After him rose up a wise
son, and for his sake he dwelt at large.
 Solomon reigned in a
peaceable time, and was honoured; for God made all quiet round about him, that
he might build an house in his name, and prepare his sanctuary for ever.
 How wise wast thou in thy
youth and, as a flood, filled with understanding!
 Thy soul covered the whole
earth, and thou filledst it with dark parables.
 Thy name went far unto the
islands; and for thy peace thou wast beloved.
 The countries marvelled at
thee for thy songs, and proverbs, and parables, and interpretations.
 By the name of the Lord God,
which is called the Lord God of Israel, thou didst gather gold as tin and didst
multiply silver as lead.
 Thou didst bow thy loins
unto women, and by thy body thou wast brought into subjection.
 Thou didst stain thy honour,
and pollute thy seed: so that thou broughtest wrath upon thy children, and wast
grieved for thy folly.
 So the kingdom was divided,
and out of Ephraim ruled a rebellious kingdom.
 But the Lord will never
leave off his mercy, neither shall any of his works perish, neither will he
abolish the posterity of his elect, and the seed of him that loveth him he will
not take away: wherefore he gave a remnant unto Jacob, and out of him a root
 Thus rested Solomon with his
fathers, and of his seed he left behind him Roboam, even the foolishness of the
people, and one that had no understanding, who turned away the people through
his counsel. There was also Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin,
and shewed Ephraim the way of sin:
 And their sins were
multiplied exceedingly, that they were driven out of the land.
 For they sought out all
wickedness, till the vengeance came upon them.
Then stood up Elias the prophet as fire, and his word burned like a lamp.
 He brought a sore famine upon
them, and by his zeal he diminished their number.
 By the word of the Lord he
shut up the heaven, and also three times brought down fire.
 O Elias, how wast thou
honoured in thy wondrous deeds! and who may glory like unto thee!
 Who didst raise up a dead man
from death, and his soul from the place of the dead, by the word of the most
 Who broughtest kings to
destruction, and honorable men from their bed:
 Who heardest the rebuke of
the Lord in Sinai, and in Horeb the judgment of vengeance:
 Who annointedst kings to take
revenge, and prophets to succeed after him:
 Who was taken up in a
whirlwind of fire, and in a chariot of fiery horses:
 Who wast ordained for
reproofs in their times, to pacify the wrath of the Lord's judgment, before it
brake forth into fury, and to turn the heart of the father unto the son, and to
restore the tribes of Jacob.
 Blessed are they that saw
thee, and slept in love; for we shall surely live.
 Elias it was, who was
covered with a whirlwind: and Eliseus was filled with his spirit: whilst he
lived, he was not moved with the presence of any prince, neither could any bring
him into subjection.
 No word could overcome him;
and after his death his body prophesied.
 He did wonders in his life,
and at his death were his works marvellous.
 For all this the people
repented not, neither departed they from their sins, till they were spoiled and
carried out of their land, and were scattered through all the earth: yet there
remained a small people, and a ruler in the house of David:
 Of whom some did that which
was pleasing to God, and some multiplied sins.
 Ezekias fortified his city,
and brought in water into the midst thereof: he digged the hard rock with iron,
and made wells for waters.
 In his time Sennacherib came
up, and sent Rabsaces, and lifted up his hand against Sion, and boasted proudly.
 Then trembled their hearts
and hands, and they were in pain, as women in travail.
 But they called upon the
Lord which is merciful, and stretched out their hands toward him: and
immediately the Holy One heard them out of heaven, and delivered them by the
ministry of Esay.
 He smote the host of the
Assyrians, and his angel destroyed them.
 For Ezekias had done the
thing that pleased the Lord, and was strong in the ways of David his father, as
Esay the prophet, who was great and faithful in his vision, had commanded him.
 In his time the sun went
backward, and he lengthened the king's life.
 He saw by an excellent
spirit what should come to pass at the last, and he comforted them that mourned
 He shewed what should come
to pass for ever, and secret things or ever they came.
The remembrance of Josias is like the composition of the perfume that is made by
the art of the apothecary: it is sweet as honey in all mouths, and as musick at
a banquet of wine.
 He behaved himself uprightly
in the conversion of the people, and took away the abominations of iniquity.
 He directed his heart unto
the Lord, and in the time of the ungodly he established the worship of God.
 All, except David and Ezekias
and Josias, were defective: for they forsook the law of the most High, even the
kings of Juda failed.
 Therefore he gave their power
unto others, and their glory to a strange nation.
 They burnt the chosen city of
the sanctuary, and made the streets desolate, according to the prophecy of
 For they entreated him evil,
who nevertheless was a prophet, sanctified in his mother's womb, that he might
root out, and afflict, and destroy; and that he might build up also, and plant.
 It was Ezekiel who saw the
glorious vision, which was shewed him upon the chariot of the cherubims.
 For he made mention of the
enemies under the figure of the rain, and directed them that went right.
 And of the twelve prophets
let the memorial be blessed, and let their bones flourish again out of their
place: for they comforted Jacob, and delivered them by assured hope.
 How shall we magnify
Zorobabel? even he was as a signet on the right hand:
 So was Jesus the son of
Josedec: who in their time builded the house, and set up an holy temple to the
Lord, which was prepared for everlasting glory.
 And among the elect was
Neemias, whose renown is great, who raised up for us the walls that were fallen,
and set up the gates and the bars, and raised up our ruins again.
 But upon the earth was no
man created like Enoch; for he was taken from the earth.
 Neither was there a young
man born like Joseph, a governor of his brethren, a stay of the people, whose
bones were regarded of the Lord.
 Sem and Seth were in great
honour among men, and so was Adam above every living thing in creation.
Simon the high priest, the son of Onias, who in his life repaired the house
again, and in his days fortified the temple:
 And by him was built from the
foundation the double height, the high fortress of the wall about the temple:
 In his days the cistern to
receive water, being in compass as the sea, was covered with plates of brass:
 He took care of the temple
that it should not fall, and fortified the city against besieging:
 How was he honoured in the
midst of the people in his coming out of the sanctuary!
 He was as the morning star in
the midst of a cloud, and as the moon at the full:
 As the sun shining upon the
temple of the most High, and as the rainbow giving light in the bright clouds:
 And as the flower of roses in
the spring of the year, as lilies by the rivers of waters, and as the branches
of the frankincense tree in the time of summer:
 As fire and incense in the
censer, and as a vessel of beaten gold set with all manner of precious stones:
 And as a fair olive tree
budding forth fruit, and as a cypress tree which groweth up to the clouds.
 When he put on the robe of
honour, and was clothed with the perfection of glory, when he went up to the
holy altar, he made the garment of holiness honourable.
 When he took the portions
out of the priests' hands, he himself stood by the hearth of the altar,
compassed about, as a young cedar in Libanus; and as palm trees compassed they
him round about.
 So were all the sons of
Aaron in their glory, and the oblations of the Lord in their hands, before all
the congregation of Israel.
 And finishing the service at
the altar, that he might adorn the offering of the most high Almighty,
 He stretched out his hand to
the cup, and poured of the blood of the grape, he poured out at the foot of the
altar a sweetsmelling savour unto the most high King of all.
 Then shouted the sons of
Aaron, and sounded the silver trumpets, and made a great noise to be heard, for
a remembrance before the most High.
 Then all the people together
hasted, and fell down to the earth upon their faces to worship their Lord God
Almighty, the most High.
 The singers also sang
praises with their voices, with great variety of sounds was there made sweet
 And the people besought the
Lord, the most High, by prayer before him that is merciful, till the solemnity
of the Lord was ended, and they had finished his service.
 Then he went down, and
lifted up his hands over the whole congregation of the children of Israel, to
give the blessing of the Lord with his lips, and to rejoice in his name.
 And they bowed themselves
down to worship the second time, that they might receive a blessing from the
 Now therefore bless ye the
God of all, which only doeth wondrous things every where, which exalteth our
days from the womb, and dealeth with us according to his mercy.
 He grant us joyfulness of
heart, and that peace may be in our days in Israel for ever:
 That he would confirm his
mercy with us, and deliver us at his time!
 There be two manner of
nations which my heart abhorreth, and the third is no nation:
 They that sit upon the
mountain of Samaria, and they that dwell among the Philistines, and that foolish
people that dwell in Sichem.
 Jesus the son of Sirach of
Jerusalem hath written in this book the instruction of understanding and
knowledge, who out of his heart poured forth wisdom.
 Blessed is he that shall be
exercised in these things; and he that layeth them up in his heart shall become
 For if he do them, he shall
be strong to all things: for the light of the Lord leadeth him, who giveth
wisdom to the godly. Blessed be the name of the Lord for ever. Amen, Amen.
[A Prayer of Jesus the son of
Sirach.] I will thank thee, O Lord and King, and praise thee, O God my
Saviour: I do give praise unto thy name:
 For thou art my defender and
helper, and has preserved my body from destruction, and from the snare of the
slanderous tongue, and from the lips that forge lies, and has been mine helper
against mine adversaries:
 And hast delivered me,
according to the multitude of they mercies and greatness of thy name, from the
teeth of them that were ready to devour me, and out of the hands of such as
sought after my life, and from the manifold afflictions which I had;
 From the choking of fire on
every side, and from the midst of the fire which I kindled not;
 From the depth of the belly
of hell, from an unclean tongue, and from lying words.
 By an accusation to the king
from an unrighteous tongue my soul drew near even unto death, my life was near
to the hell beneath.
 They compassed me on every
side, and there was no man to help me: I looked for the succour of men, but
there was none.
 Then thought I upon thy
mercy, O Lord, and upon thy acts of old, how thou deliverest such as wait for
thee, and savest them out of the hands of the enemies.
 Then lifted I up my
supplications from the earth, and prayed for deliverance from death.
 I called upon the Lord, the
Father of my Lord, that he would not leave me in the days of my trouble, and in
the time of the proud, when there was no help.
 I will praise thy name
continually, and will sing praises with thanksgiving; and so my prayer was
 For thou savedst me from
destruction, and deliveredst me from the evil time: therefore will I give
thanks, and praise thee, and bless they name, O Lord.
 When I was yet young, or
ever I went abroad, I desired wisdom openly in my prayer.
 I prayed for her before the
temple, and will seek her out even to the end.
 Even from the flower till
the grape was ripe hath my heart delighted in her: my foot went the right way,
from my youth up sought I after her.
 I bowed down mine ear a
little, and received her, and gat much learning.
 I profited therein,
therefore will I ascribe glory unto him that giveth me wisdom.
 For I purposed to do after
her, and earnestly I followed that which is good; so shall I not be confounded.
 My soul hath wrestled with
her, and in my doings I was exact: I stretched forth my hands to the heaven
above, and bewailed my ignorances of her.
 I directed my soul unto her,
and I found her in pureness: I have had my heart joined with her from the
beginning, therefore shall I not be foresaken.
 My heart was troubled in
seeking her: therefore have I gotten a good possession.
 The Lord hath given me a
tongue for my reward, and I will praise him therewith.
 Draw near unto me, ye
unlearned, and dwell in the house of learning.
 Wherefore are ye slow, and
what say ye to these things, seeing your souls are very thirsty?
 I opened my mouth, and said,
Buy her for yourselves without money.
 Put your neck under the
yoke, and let your soul receive instruction: she is hard at hand to find.
 Behold with your eyes, how
that I have but little labour, and have gotten unto me much rest.
 Get learning with a great
sum of money, and get much gold by her.
 Let your soul rejoice in his
mercy, and be not ashamed of his praise.
 Work your work betimes, and
in his time he will give you your reward.